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How Korean Psychiatric Staff Deal with Religious and Spiritual Issues of Patients: What Is Professional?

by Eunmi Lee 1,2,* and Klaus Baumann 1
1
Caritas Science and Christian Social Work, Faculty of Theology, Albert-Ludwig-University, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany
2
Center for Social Cohesion, Daegu Catholic University, Hayang-Ro 13-13, Hayang-Eup, Gyeongsan-Si, Gyeongbuk 38430, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2019, 10(10), 544; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10100544
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 20 September 2019 / Published: 22 September 2019
In contrast to other secularized countries, religious and spiritual needs and/or aspects of patient-centred-care are hardly studied in South Korea, even less in the context of psychiatry and psychotherapies. This study investigates religious and spiritual values of Korean psychiatric staff, and their experiences as well as considerations regarding their patients’ religious and spiritual aspects in clinical settings. In 2015, we surveyed psychiatric staff in Daegu and suburban areas using Korean versions of the Duke Religion Index and a questionnaire on Religion and Spirituality in Medicine: Physicians’ Perspectives by F. Curlin. Six clinics participated in our research. A total of 328 questionnaires were distributed. Ultimately, 270 fully completed questionnaires were analysed (return rate: 82.3%). Regarding religious and spiritual values, Korean psychiatric staff does not differ considerably from the average of the Korean population. However, there are significant moderate correlations between their own religious and spiritual attitudes, and their consideration as well as behaviors related to religious and spiritual aspects of their patients. In addition, there is evidence of an unconscious bias which influences treatment. These results call for more professional attention and self-reflective training. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychiatry; psychotherapy; religiosity; spirituality; patients’ needs; South Korea psychiatry; psychotherapy; religiosity; spirituality; patients’ needs; South Korea
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, E.; Baumann, K. How Korean Psychiatric Staff Deal with Religious and Spiritual Issues of Patients: What Is Professional? Religions 2019, 10, 544.

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