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Religions 2019, 10(1), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10010061

Religious Pluralism and Religion-State Relations in Turkey

Department of Sociology of Religion, Faculty of Theology, Marmara University, Mahir İz Cad. No. 2, Üsküdar, Istanbul 34662, Turkey
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 16 January 2019 / Published: 18 January 2019
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Abstract

In this article, I examine religion-state relations and religious pluralism in Turkey in terms of recent changes in the religious landscape. I propose that there is a growing trend in the religious sphere that has resulted in a proliferation of religions, sects and spiritual approaches in Turkey. I argue that although the religious market model might not be applicable to the Turkish religious sphere during the republican era until the 2000s due to the restrictions applied by the state’s authoritarian secularist policies, it is compatible with today’s changing society. Different religious groups as well as spiritual movements have used the democratization process of the 2000s in Turkey as an opportunity to proselytize various faiths and understandings of Islam, with both traditional and modernist forms. In this period, new religious movements have also appeared. Thus, the Turkish religious landscape has recently become much more complicated than it was two decades earlier. I plan for this descriptive work firstly to provide an insight into the history of religious pluralism and state policies in Turkey. Secondly, I will discuss the religious policies of the republican period and, thirdly, I will evaluate recent developments such as the increasing number of approaches in the religious sphere within the scope of the religious market model. View Full-Text
Keywords: Turkey; religious pluralism; secularism; Islam; religious market; laicism Turkey; religious pluralism; secularism; Islam; religious market; laicism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Albayrak, H.Ş. Religious Pluralism and Religion-State Relations in Turkey. Religions 2019, 10, 61.

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