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Article

Perspectives on Cyber Security for Offshore Oil and Gas Assets

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Department of Shipping Trade and Transport, University of the Aegean, Korai 2a, GR82132 Chios, Greece
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School of Business, Stevens Institute of Technology, 1 Castle Point on the Hudson, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA
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Maritime Security Center (MSC), Stevens Institute of Technology, 1 Castle Point on the Hudson, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA
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Maritime Safety and Environmental Administration, World Maritime University, PO Box 500, SE-201 24 Malmö, Sweden
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Department of International Shipping, Plymouth Business School, University of Plymouth, Logistics and Operations, Cookworthy Building, Drake Circus, Room 321, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(2), 112; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020112
Received: 7 December 2020 / Revised: 18 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Engineering)
In an ever-evolving technological industry, the oil and gas sector is already moving forward through the adaptation of Industry 4.0 and the adaptation of advanced cyber technologies through Oil and Gas 4.0. As IT/OT (information technology/operational technology) systems are evolving technologically, so are the cyber security threats faced by the offshore oil and gas assets. This paper aims to raise the awareness of cyber security threats and the organizational and technical measures that need to be adopted by the oil and gas industry for remote and complex assets in the upstream sector. A comprehensive literature review covering the areas of new IT/OT systems integration and cyber security risk analysis and management is presented. The results of a survey on the subject of cyber security for offshore oil and gas assets are also presented, and they provide valuable insight into the current industry culture and the perception of cyber security concepts. The importance of organizational culture, personnel training and involvement, as well as corporate engagement and support in the subject of cyber security is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyber security; offshore; oil and gas; critical infrastructure; survey cyber security; offshore; oil and gas; critical infrastructure; survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Progoulakis, I.; Nikitakos, N.; Rohmeyer, P.; Bunin, B.; Dalaklis, D.; Karamperidis, S. Perspectives on Cyber Security for Offshore Oil and Gas Assets. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 112. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020112

AMA Style

Progoulakis I, Nikitakos N, Rohmeyer P, Bunin B, Dalaklis D, Karamperidis S. Perspectives on Cyber Security for Offshore Oil and Gas Assets. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(2):112. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020112

Chicago/Turabian Style

Progoulakis, Iosif, Nikitas Nikitakos, Paul Rohmeyer, Barry Bunin, Dimitrios Dalaklis, and Stavros Karamperidis. 2021. "Perspectives on Cyber Security for Offshore Oil and Gas Assets" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 2: 112. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020112

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