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Unraveling the Role of Plastic Waste Pollution in the Amvrakikos Wetlands National Park, Greece: The Stakeholders’ Views

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Knowledge and Intelligent Computing Laboratory, Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, School of Informatics and Telecommunications, University of Ioannina, 47150 Arta, Greece
2
Department of Agriculture, School of Agriculture, University of Ioannina, 47100 Arta, Greece
3
Amvrakikos gulf–Lefkada Management Agency, 47150 Arta, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(8), 549; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080549
Received: 20 June 2020 / Revised: 15 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 22 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Coastal Engineering)
Plastic waste pollution in marine environments is considered a major environmental problem in coastal areas. Relative environmental problems are also recorded in protected wetlands. The National Park of Amvrakikos Wetlands, one of the largest wetlands of Greece, is studied in order to evaluate the influence of plastic waste in the protected area and its surroundings, according to the stakeholders’ views. The survey applied using the method of census addressing the key stakeholders in the area of interest and the use of a questionnaire; the data analyzed with the Statistical Package SSPS. The main findings reveal that waste management is not considered satisfactory in the broader area. Marine litter, pollution, overfishing, ecosystem degradation, agriculture and livestock activities, as well as the insufficiency of the municipal solid waste management and recycling system are listed as the most important environmental problems of the coastal area. The stakeholders’ participation is regarded as crucial for effective decision making. Therefore, special strategies should be designed involving Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to widely address the local communities and increase their awareness on the problem in order to reduce plastic waste pollution. It should be noted that environmental conditions are closely affiliated with the citizens’ quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: national park; plastic waste; recycling; wetlands; marine ecosystem; microplastics; stakeholders’ views national park; plastic waste; recycling; wetlands; marine ecosystem; microplastics; stakeholders’ views
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andrea, V.; Mpeza, P.; Barelos, D.; Stylios, C. Unraveling the Role of Plastic Waste Pollution in the Amvrakikos Wetlands National Park, Greece: The Stakeholders’ Views. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 549. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080549

AMA Style

Andrea V, Mpeza P, Barelos D, Stylios C. Unraveling the Role of Plastic Waste Pollution in the Amvrakikos Wetlands National Park, Greece: The Stakeholders’ Views. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(8):549. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080549

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrea, Veronika, Paraskevi Mpeza, Dimitris Barelos, and Chrysostomos Stylios. 2020. "Unraveling the Role of Plastic Waste Pollution in the Amvrakikos Wetlands National Park, Greece: The Stakeholders’ Views" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 8: 549. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080549

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