Next Article in Journal
A Novel Gesture-Based Language for Underwater Human–Robot Interaction
Previous Article in Journal
Panel Method for Ducted Propellers with Sharp Trailing Edge Duct with Fully Aligned Wake on Blade and Duct
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(3), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6030090

CMIP5-Derived Single-Forcing, Single-Model, and Single-Scenario Wind-Wave Climate Ensemble: Configuration and Performance Evaluation

1
Department of Water Science and Engineering, IHE-Delft, P.O. Box 3015, 2601 DA Delft, The Netherlands
2
Instituto Dom Luiz, Faculdade de Ciências, University of Lisbon, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Institute of Oceanography, Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), Universität Hamburg, 20095 Hamburg, Germany
4
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany
5
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Utrechtseweg 297, 3731GA De Bilt, The Netherlands
6
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AX, UK
7
Danish Meteorological Institute, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Engineering)
Full-Text   |   PDF [13595 KB, uploaded 2 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

A Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5)-derived single-forcing, single-model, and single-scenario dynamic wind-wave climate ensemble is presented, and its historic period (1979–2005) performance in representing the present wave climate is evaluated. A single global climate model (GCM)-forcing wave climate ensemble was produced with the goal of reducing the inter GCM variability inherent in using a multi-forcing approach for the same wave model. Seven CMIP5 EC-Earth ensemble runs were used to force seven WAM wave model realizations, while future wave climate simulations, not analyzed here, were produced using a high-emission representative concentration pathway 8.5 (RCP8.5) set-up. The wave climate ensemble’s historic period was extensively compared against a set of 72 in situ wave-height observations, as well as to ERA-Interim reanalysis and Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) hindcast. The agreement between the wave climate ensemble and the in situ measurements and reanalysis of mean and extreme wave heights, mean wave periods, and mean wave directions was good, in line with previous studies or even better in some areas of the global ocean, namely in the extratropical latitudes. These results give a good degree of confidence in the ability of the ensemble to simulate a realistic climate change signal. View Full-Text
Keywords: Wave climate; ensemble; climate change; EC-Earth; WAM; Coordinated Ocean Wave Climate Project (COWCLIP) Wave climate; ensemble; climate change; EC-Earth; WAM; Coordinated Ocean Wave Climate Project (COWCLIP)
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Semedo, A.; Dobrynin, M.; Lemos, G.; Behrens, A.; Staneva, J.; de Vries, H.; Sterl, A.; Bidlot, J.-R.; Miranda, P.M.A.; Murawski, J. CMIP5-Derived Single-Forcing, Single-Model, and Single-Scenario Wind-Wave Climate Ensemble: Configuration and Performance Evaluation. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 90.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top