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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6010020

Determination of the Potential Thermal Gradient for the Mexican Pacific Ocean

1
Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City 04510, Coyoacan, Mexico
2
Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, 1680 East West Road, POST 109, Hawaii, HI 96822, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 21 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion)
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Abstract

The energy potential of the oceanic thermal gradients of the Mexican Pacific Ocean was valued theoretically, using seasonal oceanographic data on surface and 1000 m depth ocean temperatures from 1955 to 2013, taken from the World Ocean Database (WOD). The study was carried out to determine possible sites for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), assuming that the minimum usable gradient is 20 °C and the maximum profitable distance from the extraction site to the shore is 10 km. Geographic Information System tools were used to compute thermal gradients and distances to shore all along the Mexican coast. Then, the optimal sites were identified. The results show that the best sites for OTEC exploitation are found in the southern Pacific coast on the littoral of the states of Guerrero and Oaxaca. View Full-Text
Keywords: OTEC; Mexican Pacific Ocean; thermal gradient OTEC; Mexican Pacific Ocean; thermal gradient
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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García Huante, A.; Rodríguez Cueto, Y.; Silva, R.; Mendoza, E.; Vega, L.A. Determination of the Potential Thermal Gradient for the Mexican Pacific Ocean. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 20.

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