Next Article in Journal
Phytochemistry and Agro-Industrial Potential of Native Oilseeds from West Africa: African Grape (Lannea microcarpa), Marula (Sclerocarya birrea), and Butter Tree (Pentadesma butyracea)
Previous Article in Journal
Changes in Carbon Cycling during Development of Successional Agroforestry
Open AccessArticle

Impacts of Rural Labor Resource Change on the Technical Efficiency of Crop Production in China

College of Economics & Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Les Copeland
Agriculture 2017, 7(3), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture7030026
Received: 25 December 2016 / Revised: 8 February 2017 / Accepted: 9 March 2017 / Published: 11 March 2017
This paper probes effects of the evolvement of labor resources on technical efficiency in crop production in rural China. Based on twelve years of data on crop production of 30 provinces in China, a stochastic frontier production function model is used to measure crop production efficiency in three crop-functional areas—the production area, the consumption area, and the balanced area. Then effects of both quantity and quality change in labor force on technical efficiency in different regions of China are analyzed. Results show that rural China generally has an increasing number of employees shifted to non-agricultural sectors and a decreasing trend of the stock of human capital. However, both these two changes in rural labor force have significantly positive effects on improving crop production efficiency. In addition, China’s technical inefficiency is at an average of 22.2%. Dynamically, the technical efficiencies show a tendency to rise steadily throughout China and in three areas, while the consumption area possesses the highest technical efficiency. Those results may lend some experience for other countries that are currently experiencing rural labor force and economic transition. View Full-Text
Keywords: labor; rural migration; human capital; technical efficiency; crop production labor; rural migration; human capital; technical efficiency; crop production
MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, N.; Wang, Y. Impacts of Rural Labor Resource Change on the Technical Efficiency of Crop Production in China. Agriculture 2017, 7, 26.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop