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Fusarium Wilt Affecting Chickpea Crop

1
Field Crops Laboratory, University of Carthage, INRAT, Rue Hedi Karray, 2080 Ariana, Tunisia
2
National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia, 43 Av Charles Nicolle, 1082 Tunis, Tunisia
3
Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Campus University, University of Tunis El Manar, El Manar, 1068 Tunis, Tunisia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yiping Qi
Agriculture 2017, 7(3), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture7030023
Received: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 6 March 2017 / Published: 9 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Plant Disease Resistance in Sustainable Agriculture)
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) contributes 18% of the global production of grain legume and serves as an important source of dietary protein. An important decrease in cropping area and production has been recorded during the last two decades. Several biotic and abiotic constraints underlie this decrease. Despite the efforts deployed in breeding and selection of several chickpea varieties with high yield potential that are tolerant to diseases, the situation has remained the same for the last decade. Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (Foc) is the major soilborne fungus affecting chickpeas globally. Fusarium wilt epidemics can devastate crops and cause up to 100% loss in highly infested fields and under favorable conditions. To date, eight pathogenic races of Foc (races 0, 1A, 1B/C, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6) have been reported worldwide. The development of resistant cultivars is the most effective method to manage this disease and to contribute to stabilizing chickpea yields. Development of resistant varieties to fusarium wilt in different breeding programs is mainly based on conventional selection. This method is time‐consuming and depends on inoculum load and specific environmental factors that influence disease development. The use of molecular tools offers great potential for chickpea improvement, specifically by identifying molecular markers closely linked to genes/QTLs controlling fusarium wilt. View Full-Text
Keywords: chickpea; fusarium wilt; molecular markers; genetic resistance; molecular assisting  selection chickpea; fusarium wilt; molecular markers; genetic resistance; molecular assisting  selection
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Jendoubi, W.; Bouhadida, M.; Boukteb, A.; Béji, M.; Kharrat, M. Fusarium Wilt Affecting Chickpea Crop. Agriculture 2017, 7, 23.

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