Feasibility Assessment of Converting Sugar Mills to Bioenergy Production in Africa
AbstractWorld sugar production has consistently overrun demand in the past five years. Moreover, in 2017 the European Sugar Regime will expire, ending the quota system and preferential sugar prices, largely affecting small producers, particularly in Africa. Diversification emerges as an option for sugar-oriented mills. Two evident alternatives are ethanol and electricity production that allow better use of molasses and cane fibers, respectively. Molasses is the cheapest feedstock for ethanol production, while the cane fibers—in the form of bagasse—are readily available at the mill. The transition from sugar to sugar, ethanol and electricity may require substantial investment capital, yet our results show that significant progress can start at relatively small cost. In this work, we use simulations to explore the impact of ethanol and electricity production in an existing sugar mill in Mozambique. In spite of the large amounts of energy obtained from ambitious scenarios, such as Ethanol-2 and Ethanol/EE, molasses-based ethanol (Ethanol-1 scenario) seems more attractive in economical and infrastructural terms. High opportunity costs for molasses, low oil prices and enabling institutional conditions, such as mandatory blending mandates, to promote bioenergy remain a challenge. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Leal, M.R.L.V.; Leite, J.G.D.B.; Chagas, M.F.; da Maia, R.; Cortez, L.A.B. Feasibility Assessment of Converting Sugar Mills to Bioenergy Production in Africa. Agriculture 2016, 6, 45.
Leal MRLV, Leite JGDB, Chagas MF, da Maia R, Cortez LAB. Feasibility Assessment of Converting Sugar Mills to Bioenergy Production in Africa. Agriculture. 2016; 6(3):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Leal, Manoel R.L.V.; Leite, João G.D.B.; Chagas, Mateus F.; da Maia, Rui; Cortez, Luís A.B. 2016. "Feasibility Assessment of Converting Sugar Mills to Bioenergy Production in Africa." Agriculture 6, no. 3: 45.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.