Next Article in Journal
Assessing the Increase in Soil Moisture Storage Capacity and Nutrient Enhancement of Different Organic Amendments in Paddy Soil
Next Article in Special Issue
The Immense Functional Attributes of Maize Rhizosphere Microbiome: A Shotgun Sequencing Approach
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Mineral and Organic Fertilization on Common Osier (Salix viminalis L.) Productivity and Qualitative Parameters of Naturally Acidic Retisol
Article

Functional Diversity of Soil Microbial Community after Conversion of a Chestnut Forest to an Agricultural System

CREA Research Centre for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Via Cavalleggeri 25, 84098 Pontecagnano Faiano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2021, 11(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010043
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 1 January 2021 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Research of Soil Microbial Functional Diversity)
In the National park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni (South Italy), a portion of a chestnut forest was converted in 2012 into an agricultural system in order to crop a local variety of bean. We investigated the effect over time of the conversion on the functional diversity of the soil microbial community by two different approaches: the catabolic response profile, based on the short time CO2 evolution induced by 25 simple organic substrates and the Biolog community level physiological profile (CLPP), based on the growth of microorganisms on 31 different substrates. The soils were sampled at 13, 17, 29, 41 and 49 months after the soil use change. The results showed that the soil use change did not produce evident modifications of the substrate utilization patterns, but rather a general decrease in the activity in the agricultural soils, as a consequence of the reduction in organic matter content. The results also showed seasonal effects on the substrate utilization profiles and on the calculated functional diversity indexes. The two approaches appeared to be complementary: Degens catabolic response profile was more able to discriminate between the two systems, whereas the Biolog was more able to highlight the variability among samplings. View Full-Text
Keywords: catabolic response profile; Biolog; deforestation; soil organic carbon catabolic response profile; Biolog; deforestation; soil organic carbon
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Iovieno, P.; Scotti, R.; Zaccardelli, M. Functional Diversity of Soil Microbial Community after Conversion of a Chestnut Forest to an Agricultural System. Agriculture 2021, 11, 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010043

AMA Style

Iovieno P, Scotti R, Zaccardelli M. Functional Diversity of Soil Microbial Community after Conversion of a Chestnut Forest to an Agricultural System. Agriculture. 2021; 11(1):43. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010043

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iovieno, Paola, Riccardo Scotti, and Massimo Zaccardelli. 2021. "Functional Diversity of Soil Microbial Community after Conversion of a Chestnut Forest to an Agricultural System" Agriculture 11, no. 1: 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010043

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop