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Open AccessArticle

Understanding the Quality of Local Vineyard Soils in Distinct Viticultural Areas: A Case Study in Alcubillas (La Mancha, Central Spain)

1
Department of Geology & Geochemistry, Autónoma University of Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Higher Technical School Agricultural Engineers of Ciudad Real, University of Castilla La Mancha, 13003 Ciudad Real, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(3), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10030066
Received: 13 January 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 6 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture and Viticulture)
The essential features of the soils of a pilot zone in La Mancha (Central Spain), namely the Alcubillas municipability, have been characterized. The soil properties that may contribute to a better understanding of the impact of soil on grape production have also, been evaluated. For this, several soil profiles have been described and analyzed and the profiles have been mapped. The soils are mainly Entisols, Inceptisols and Alfisols, with their evolution controlled by the action of a xerophytic Mediterranean climate. Most of these soils have a loamy clay texture, with medium clay contents and sufficient nutrient contents (despite the low content in organic matter 1.39% and 1.04%, and the high concentrations of calcium carbonate 23.7% and 26.9% in the surface and subsurface horizons, respectively). Drainage problems were not observed and it can therefore be stated that the Alcubillas vineyards are based on a ‘terroir’ term for the production of high quality grapes. In general, the soils are not subjected to treatments to control possible diseases or pests and we have therefore postulated that the soils represent the ideal scenario to establish a distinctive zone and for the increasingly valued ecological and natural viticulture. View Full-Text
Keywords: viticulture; ecological systems; terroir; red soils; petrocalcic horizons; soil mapping; Alcubillas (La Mancha) viticulture; ecological systems; terroir; red soils; petrocalcic horizons; soil mapping; Alcubillas (La Mancha)
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Jiménez-Ballesta, R.; Bravo, S.; Amorós, J.A.; Pérez-de los Reyes, C.; García-Pradas, J.; García-Navarro, F.J. Understanding the Quality of Local Vineyard Soils in Distinct Viticultural Areas: A Case Study in Alcubillas (La Mancha, Central Spain). Agriculture 2020, 10, 66.

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