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Article

Evaluation of Eight Genotypes of Corn for the Commercial Cultivation of Huitlacoche in Nopalucan, Puebla, Mexico

1
Posgrado en Manejo Sostenible de Agroecosistemas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla 72540, Mexico
2
Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Morelos, Cuernavaca 62209, Mexico
3
Instituto de Ecología, AC, Carretera antigua a Coatepec, No. 351, Xalapa CP. 91070, Mexico
4
Centro de Agroecología, Instituto de Ciencias, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Edificio VAL 1, Km 1,7 carretera a San Baltazar Tetela, San Pedro Zacachimalpa, Puebla CP. 72960, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(11), 535; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110535
Received: 26 September 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 29 October 2020 / Published: 7 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management Practices for Sustainable Crop Production)
The infection caused by Ustilago maydis, commonly called huitlacoche, appears in regions of Mexico that produce corn (Zea mays) during seasonal conditions. The infection leads to form galls with high levels of proteins, amino acids, and minerals, providing important benefits to nutrition, and it is also becoming relevant due to its high commercial value, becoming a potential crop for Mexico, Central America, and the United States. The objectives of the present investigation are to evaluate the potential yield per hectare (Kg ha−1) based on the incidence percentage (PI), and severity index (ISE) in eight genotypes of corn, as well as performing proximal chemical analysis and mineral element analysis with the galls obtained via inoculation of the MA-Um1 strain of U. maydis. The experimental unit is made up of eight subgroups of 250 plants here, considering four hybrid and four Creole genotypes of corn used by producers in open fields in Nopalucan, Puebla, Mexico. The Creole creamy-white corn achieved the highest production of huitlacoche (12,759.21 Kg ha−1) here, obtaining an incidence percentage of 73.90%; the highest caloric content (39.90 Kcal per 100 g of fresh mushroom) was recorded in the galls produced from the Asgrow Hawk hybrid, while the highest concentration of zinc (2.33 mg per 100 g) was presented by the AS-722 hybrid. View Full-Text
Keywords: edible fungi; Ustilago maydis; native corn; hybrid corn; productivity edible fungi; Ustilago maydis; native corn; hybrid corn; productivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Garcilazo Rahme, O.; Tello Salgado, I.; Mata, G.; Parraguirre Lezama, C.; Valencia de Ita, M.d.l.A.; Romero Arenas, O. Evaluation of Eight Genotypes of Corn for the Commercial Cultivation of Huitlacoche in Nopalucan, Puebla, Mexico. Agriculture 2020, 10, 535. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110535

AMA Style

Garcilazo Rahme O, Tello Salgado I, Mata G, Parraguirre Lezama C, Valencia de Ita MdlA, Romero Arenas O. Evaluation of Eight Genotypes of Corn for the Commercial Cultivation of Huitlacoche in Nopalucan, Puebla, Mexico. Agriculture. 2020; 10(11):535. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110535

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garcilazo Rahme, Omar; Tello Salgado, Isaac; Mata, Gerardo; Parraguirre Lezama, Conrado; Valencia de Ita, Maria d.l.A.; Romero Arenas, Omar. 2020. "Evaluation of Eight Genotypes of Corn for the Commercial Cultivation of Huitlacoche in Nopalucan, Puebla, Mexico" Agriculture 10, no. 11: 535. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110535

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