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Does the Use of the “Proseek® Multiplex Oncology I Panel” on Peritoneal Fluid Allow a Better Insight in the Pathophysiology of Endometriosis, and in Particular Deep-Infiltrating Endometriosis?

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Pediatrics and Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada
3
Molecular Diagnostics, Center for Health & Bioresources, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology Vienna, 1190 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(6), 2009; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9062009
Received: 5 June 2020 / Revised: 21 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 26 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Endometriosis appears to share certain cancer-related processes, such as cell attachment, invasion, proliferation and neovascularization, some of which can also be found in other healthy tissues. In order to better understand the altered milieu of the peritoneal cavity, while acknowledging the reported similarities between endometriosis and neoplastic processes, we applied a multiplex oncology panel to search for specific biomarker signatures in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis, women with deep-infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), as well as controls. In total, 84 patients were included in our study, 53 women with endometriosis and 31 controls. Ninety-two proteins were measured in prospectively collected peritoneal fluid (PF) samples, using the “Proseek® Multiplex Oncology I Panel”. We first compared patients with endometriosis versus controls, and in a second step, DIE versus endometriosis patients without DIE. Out of the 92 analyzed proteins, few showed significant differences between the groups. In patients with endometriosis, ICOS ligand, Endothelial growth factor, E-selectin, Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2, Interleukin-6 receptor alpha, Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, Fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand, C-X-C motif chemokine 10, Epididymal secretory protein E4 and Folate receptor-alpha were decreased, while Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-8 were increased compared to controls. Looking at patients with DIE, we found Chemokine ligand 19, Stem cell factor, Vascular endothelial growth factor D, Interleukin-6 receptor alpha and Melanoma inhibitory activity to be increased compared to endometriosis patients without DIE. We have shown a distinct regulation of the immune response, angiogenesis, cell proliferation, cell adhesion and inhibition of apoptosis in PF of patients with endometriosis compared to controls. The specific protein pattern in the PF of DIE patients provides new evidence that DIE represents a unique entity of extrauterine endometriosis with enhanced angiogenetic and pro-proliferative features. View Full-Text
Keywords: endometriosis; multiplex oncology panel; peritoneal fluid endometriosis; multiplex oncology panel; peritoneal fluid
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Perricos, A.; Wenzl, R.; Husslein, H.; Eiwegger, T.; Gstoettner, M.; Weinhaeusel, A.; Beikircher, G.; Kuessel, L. Does the Use of the “Proseek® Multiplex Oncology I Panel” on Peritoneal Fluid Allow a Better Insight in the Pathophysiology of Endometriosis, and in Particular Deep-Infiltrating Endometriosis? J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 2009.

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