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Article

Preconception Health and Lifestyle Behaviours of Women Planning a Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton VIC 3168, Australia
2
Department of Diabetes and Vascular Medicine, Monash Health, Clayton VIC 3168, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(6), 1701; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061701
Received: 1 May 2020 / Revised: 26 May 2020 / Accepted: 29 May 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health in Preconception Pregnancy and Postpartum)
Preconception care and lifestyle behaviours significantly influence health outcomes of women and future generations. A cross-sectional survey of Australian women in preconception, stratified by pregnancy planning stage (active planners (currently trying to conceive) vs. non-active planners (pregnancy planned within 1–5 years)), assessed health behaviours and their alignment to preconception care guidelines. Overall, 294 women with a mean (SD) age of 30.7 (4.3) years were recruited and 38.9% were overweight or obese. Approximately half of women (54.4%) reported weight gain within the previous 12 months, of which 69.5% gained ≥ 3kg. The vast majority of women (90.2%) were unaware of reproductive life plans, and 16.8% over the age of 25 had not undertaken cervical screening. Of active planners (n = 121), 47.1% had sought medical/health advice in preparation for pregnancy and 81.0% had commenced supplementation with folic acid, iodine or a preconception multivitamin. High-risk lifestyle behaviours including cigarette smoking (7.3%), consumption of alcohol (85.3%) and excessive alcohol consumption within three months (56.3%), were frequently reported in women who were actively trying to conceive. Results indicate that women who are actively planning a pregnancy require support to optimise health and lifestyle in preparation for pregnancy to improve alignment with current preconception care recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: preconception; health behaviours; pregnancy planning; women’s health; clinical care guidelines preconception; health behaviours; pregnancy planning; women’s health; clinical care guidelines
MDPI and ACS Style

Chivers, B.R.; Boyle, J.A.; Lang, A.Y.; Teede, H.J.; Moran, L.J.; Harrison, C.L. Preconception Health and Lifestyle Behaviours of Women Planning a Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1701. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061701

AMA Style

Chivers BR, Boyle JA, Lang AY, Teede HJ, Moran LJ, Harrison CL. Preconception Health and Lifestyle Behaviours of Women Planning a Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(6):1701. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061701

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chivers, Bonnie R., Jacqueline A. Boyle, Adina Y. Lang, Helena J. Teede, Lisa J. Moran, and Cheryce L. Harrison 2020. "Preconception Health and Lifestyle Behaviours of Women Planning a Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 6: 1701. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061701

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