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The Impact of COVID-19 on Gastrointestinal Motility Testing in Asia and Europe

1
Department of Chronic Diseases, Metabolism and Ageing, Translational Research Center for Gastrointestinal Diseases (TARGID), University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
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Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, Division of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Hatyai 90110, Thailand
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Center of Excellence on Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan
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Endoscopy Center for Diagnosis and Treatment, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112, Taiwan
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Department of Medical Innovation, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan
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Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea
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School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu 15200, Malaysia
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Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi 371-8511, Japan
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Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara 259-1193, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(10), 3189; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9103189
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Gastroenterology & Hepatopancreatobiliary Medicine)
Background: The new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has high infection and mortality rates, and has become a pandemic. The infection and mortality rates are lower in Asian countries than in European countries. This study aimed to conduct a survey on the effects of COVID-19 on the capacity to perform gastrointestinal motility tests in Asian countries compared with European countries. Methods: We used the questionnaire previously established by our team for researchers in European countries. The correlation between the decreased rate of gastrointestinal motility and function tests, and the infection/mortality rates of COVID-19 and stringency of a government’s interventions in each country was analysed and protective measures were assessed. Results: In total, 58 gastroenterologists/motility experts in Asian countries responded to this survey. The infection/mortality rates of COVID-19 and Stringency Index had a significant impact on the testing capacity of oesophageal manometry and catheter-based pH monitoring. In European countries, most facilities used filtering facepiece 2/3 (FFP2/3) masks during oesophageal motility studies. Meanwhile, in Asian countries, most facilities used surgical masks. Conclusion: The total infection and mortality rates of COVID-19 can affect the rate of gastrointestinal motility testing and the type of protective equipment that must be used. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; oesophageal manometry; catheter-based pH-monitoring; wireless pH-monitoring (Bravo®); anorectal manometry; breath tests; motility disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; infection prevention SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; oesophageal manometry; catheter-based pH-monitoring; wireless pH-monitoring (Bravo®); anorectal manometry; breath tests; motility disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; infection prevention
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Mori, H.; Schol, J.; Geeraerts, A.; Huang, I.-H.; Jandee, S.; Gonlachanvit, S.; Tseng, P.-H.; Lu, C.-L.; Kamiya, T.; Kim, N.; Lee, Y.Y.; Kuribayashi, S.; Tack, J.; Suzuki, H. The Impact of COVID-19 on Gastrointestinal Motility Testing in Asia and Europe. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3189.

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