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Review

Periodontitis: A Multifaceted Disease of Tooth-Supporting Tissues

1
Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, 20520 Turku, Finland
2
Oral Health Care, Welfare Division, City of Turku, 20101 Turku, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(8), 1135; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8081135
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 27 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 31 July 2019
Periodontitis is an infection-driven inflammatory disease in which the composition of biofilms plays a significant role. Dental plaque accumulation at the gingival margin initiates an inflammatory response that, in turn, causes microbial alterations and may lead to drastic consequences in the periodontium of susceptible individuals. Chronic inflammation affects the gingiva and can proceed to periodontitis, which characteristically results in irreversible loss of attachment and alveolar bone. Periodontitis appears typically in adult-aged populations, but young individuals can also experience it and its harmful outcome. Advanced disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. In addition, periodontitis is associated with many chronic diseases and conditions affecting general health. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontal disease; alveolar bone loss; gingiva; bacteria; biofilm; immunity; inflammation; smoking periodontal disease; alveolar bone loss; gingiva; bacteria; biofilm; immunity; inflammation; smoking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Könönen, E.; Gursoy, M.; Gursoy, U.K. Periodontitis: A Multifaceted Disease of Tooth-Supporting Tissues. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1135. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8081135

AMA Style

Könönen E, Gursoy M, Gursoy UK. Periodontitis: A Multifaceted Disease of Tooth-Supporting Tissues. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(8):1135. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8081135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Könönen, Eija, Mervi Gursoy, and Ulvi K. Gursoy 2019. "Periodontitis: A Multifaceted Disease of Tooth-Supporting Tissues" Journal of Clinical Medicine 8, no. 8: 1135. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8081135

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