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Review

The Effectiveness of Different Concepts of Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Theodoros B. Grivas
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(10), 2145; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10102145
Received: 7 May 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 15 May 2021
Brace treatment is the most common noninvasive treatment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS); however it is currently not fully known whether there is a difference in effectiveness between brace types/concepts. All studies on brace treatment for AIS were searched for in PubMed and EMBASE up to January 2021. Articles that did not report on maturity of the study population were excluded. Critical appraisal was performed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies tool (MINORS). Brace concepts were distinguished in prescribed wearing time and rigidity of the brace: full-time, part-time, and night-time, rigid braces and soft braces. In the meta-analysis, success was defined as ≤5° curve progression during follow-up. Of the 33 selected studies, 11 papers showed high risk of bias. The rigid full-time brace had on average a success rate of 73.2% (95% CI 61–86%), night-time of 78.7% (72–85%), soft braces of 62.4% (55–70%), observation only of 50% (44–56%). There was insufficient evidence on part-time wear for the meta-analysis. The majority of brace studies have significant risk of bias. No significant difference in outcome between the night-time or full-time concepts could be identified. Soft braces have a lower success rate compared to rigid braces. Bracing for scoliosis in Risser 0–2 and 0–3 stage of maturation appeared most effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: systematic review; meta-analysis; adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; brace therapy; brace concepts; rigid brace; night time brace systematic review; meta-analysis; adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; brace therapy; brace concepts; rigid brace; night time brace
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MDPI and ACS Style

Costa, L.; Schlosser, T.P.C.; Jimale, H.; Homans, J.F.; Kruyt, M.C.; Castelein, R.M. The Effectiveness of Different Concepts of Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2145. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10102145

AMA Style

Costa L, Schlosser TPC, Jimale H, Homans JF, Kruyt MC, Castelein RM. The Effectiveness of Different Concepts of Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(10):2145. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10102145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Costa, Lorenzo, Tom P.C. Schlosser, Hanad Jimale, Jelle F. Homans, Moyo C. Kruyt, and René M. Castelein 2021. "The Effectiveness of Different Concepts of Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 10: 2145. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10102145

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