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Membranes 2018, 8(3), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030084

1D Mathematical Modelling of Non-Stationary Ion Transfer in the Diffusion Layer Adjacent to an Ion-Exchange Membrane in Galvanostatic Mode

1
Department of Computer Science and Computational Mathematics, Karachaevo-Cherkessky State University Named after U.D. Aliev, Karachaevsk 369202, Russia
2
Department of Applied Mathematics, Kuban State University, Krasnodar 350040, Russia
3
Department of Physical Chemistry, Kuban State University, Krasnodar 350040, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2018 / Revised: 4 September 2018 / Accepted: 16 September 2018 / Published: 19 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Membrane Transport Phenomena)
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Abstract

The use of the Nernst–Planck and Poisson (NPP) equations allows computation of the space charge density near solution/electrode or solution/ion-exchange membrane interface. This is important in modelling ion transfer, especially when taking into account electroconvective transport. The most solutions in literature use the condition setting a potential difference in the system (potentiostatic or potentiodynamic mode). However, very often in practice and experiment (such as chronopotentiometry and voltammetry), the galvanostatic/galvanodynamic mode is applied. In this study, a depleted stagnant diffusion layer adjacent to an ion-exchange membrane is considered. In this article, a new boundary condition is proposed, which sets a total current density, i, via an equation expressing the potential gradient as an explicit function of i. The numerical solution of the problem is compared with an approximate solution, which is obtained by a combination of numerical solution in one part of the diffusion layer (including the electroneutral region and the extended space charge region, zone (I) with an analytical solution in the other part (the quasi-equilibrium electric double layer (EDL), zone (II). It is shown that this approach (called the “zonal” model) allows reducing the computational complexity of the problem tens of times without significant loss of accuracy. An additional simplification is introduced by neglecting the thickness of the quasi-equilibrium EDL in comparison to the diffusion layer thickness (the “simplified” model). For the first time, the distributions of concentrations, space charge density and current density along the distance to an ion-exchange membrane surface are computed as functions of time in galvanostatic mode. The calculation of the transition time, τ, for an ion-exchange membrane agree with an experiment from literature. It is suggested that rapid changes of space charge density, and current density with time and distance, could lead to lateral electroosmotic flows delaying depletion of near-surface solution and increasing τ. View Full-Text
Keywords: ion-exchange membrane; galvanostatic mode; mathematical modelling; Nernst–Planck and Poisson equations; transition time; electroconvection ion-exchange membrane; galvanostatic mode; mathematical modelling; Nernst–Planck and Poisson equations; transition time; electroconvection
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Uzdenova, A.; Kovalenko, A.; Urtenov, M.; Nikonenko, V. 1D Mathematical Modelling of Non-Stationary Ion Transfer in the Diffusion Layer Adjacent to an Ion-Exchange Membrane in Galvanostatic Mode. Membranes 2018, 8, 84.

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