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Membranes 2018, 8(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8020024

Performance of Nanocomposite Membranes Containing 0D to 2D Nanofillers for CO2 Separation: A Review

Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
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Received: 6 April 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 14 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Carbon Dioxide Separation)
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Abstract

Membrane technology has the potential to be an eco-friendly and energy-saving solution for the separation of CO2 from different gaseous streams due to the lower cost and the superior manufacturing features. However, the performances of membranes made of conventional polymers are limited by the trade-off between the permeability and selectivity. Improving the membrane performance through the addition of nanofillers within the polymer matrix offers a promising strategy to achieve superior separation performance. This review aims at providing a complete overview of the recent advances in nanocomposite membranes for enhanced CO2 separation. Nanofillers of various dimensions and properties are categorized and effects of nature and morphology of the 0D to 2D nanofillers in the corresponding nanocomposite membranes of different polymeric matrixes are discussed with regard to the CO2 permeation properties. Moreover, a comprehensive summary of the performance data of various nanocomposite membranes is presented. Finally, the advantages and challenges of various nanocomposite membranes are discussed and the future research and development opportunities are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid membranes; nanocomposite membranes; CO2 capture; nanofillers; gas separation hybrid membranes; nanocomposite membranes; CO2 capture; nanofillers; gas separation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Janakiram, S.; Ahmadi, M.; Dai, Z.; Ansaloni, L.; Deng, L. Performance of Nanocomposite Membranes Containing 0D to 2D Nanofillers for CO2 Separation: A Review. Membranes 2018, 8, 24.

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