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Review

Confidence and Receptivity for COVID-19 Vaccines: A Rapid Systematic Review

1
Policy and Organizational Management Program, Duke University, 2204 Erwin Rd, Durham, NC 27705, USA
2
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine, 1115 W. Call St, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vaccines 2021, 9(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9010016
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
While COVID-19 continues raging worldwide, effective vaccines are highly anticipated. However, vaccine hesitancy is widespread. Survey results on uptake intentions vary and continue to change. This review compared trends and synthesized findings in vaccination receptivity over time across US and international polls, assessing survey design influences and evaluating context to inform policies and practices. Data sources included academic literature (PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO following PRISMA guidelines), news and official reports published by 20 October 2020. Two researchers independently screened potential peer-reviewed articles and syndicated polls for eligibility; 126 studies and surveys were selected. Declining vaccine acceptance (from >70% in March to <50% in October) with demographic, socioeconomic, and partisan divides was observed. Perceived risk, concerns over vaccine safety and effectiveness, doctors’ recommendations, and inoculation history were common factors. Impacts of regional infection rates, gender, and personal COVID-19 experience were inconclusive. Unique COVID-19 factors included political party orientation, doubts toward expedited development/approval process, and perceived political interference. Many receptive participants preferred to wait until others have taken the vaccine; mandates could increase resistance. Survey wording and answer options showed influence on responses. To achieve herd immunity, communication campaigns are immediately needed, focusing on transparency and restoring trust in health authorities. View Full-Text
Keywords: vaccines; vaccine hesitancy; immunization; public health; health behavior; public opinion; communication; infectious diseases; pandemic; coronavirus vaccines; vaccine hesitancy; immunization; public health; health behavior; public opinion; communication; infectious diseases; pandemic; coronavirus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, C.; Tu, P.; Beitsch, L.M. Confidence and Receptivity for COVID-19 Vaccines: A Rapid Systematic Review. Vaccines 2021, 9, 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9010016

AMA Style

Lin C, Tu P, Beitsch LM. Confidence and Receptivity for COVID-19 Vaccines: A Rapid Systematic Review. Vaccines. 2021; 9(1):16. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9010016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Cheryl, Pikuei Tu, and Leslie M. Beitsch. 2021. "Confidence and Receptivity for COVID-19 Vaccines: A Rapid Systematic Review" Vaccines 9, no. 1: 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9010016

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