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Young Hungarian Students’ Knowledge about HPV and Their Attitude Toward HPV Vaccination

Department of Public Health, Semmelweis University, Nagyvárad tér 4., Budapest 1089, Hungary
Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Üllői út 26., Budapest 1085, Hungary
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Diane M. Harper
Vaccines 2017, 5(1), 1;
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 14 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 29 December 2016
(1) Background: Hungarys’s estimated cervical cancer mortality was 6.9/100,000 in 2012, above the average of the EU27 countries (3.7/100,000) in the same year. Since 2014, the bivalent HPV vaccine has been offered to schoolgirls aged 12–13. (2) Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 1022 high school seniors (492 girls, 530 boys) in 19 randomly selected schools in Budapest. Our anonymous questionnaire contained 54 items: basic socio-demographic data, knowledge about HPV infection/cervical cancer and HPV vaccination. (3) Results: 54.9% knew that HPV caused cervical cancer, and 52.1% identified HPV as an STD. Knowledge of risk factors such as promiscuity (46.9%) and early sexual activity (15.6%) was low, but higher than that of further HPV-induced diseases: genital warts (in females 9.9%, in males 9%), anal cancer (in females 2.2%, in males 1.9%), penile cancer (9.4%), and vulvar cancer (7.8%). A percentage of 14.6% feared getting infected, and 35.7% supported compulsory HPV vaccination. A percentage of 51.2% would have their future children vaccinated—significantly more girls than boys. (4) Conclusion: Our results support the findings of previous studies about young adults’ HPV-related knowledge, which was poor, especially regarding pathologies in men. Despite the low level of awareness, the students’ attitude was mostly positive when asked about vaccinating their future children. View Full-Text
Keywords: HPV; HPV vaccine; cervical cancer; STD HPV; HPV vaccine; cervical cancer; STD
MDPI and ACS Style

Balla, B.C.; Terebessy, A.; Tóth, E.; Balázs, P. Young Hungarian Students’ Knowledge about HPV and Their Attitude Toward HPV Vaccination. Vaccines 2017, 5, 1.

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