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Vaccines 2014, 2(4), 797-831;

A Systematic Review of Recent Advances in Equine Influenza Vaccination

Animal Health Trust, Centre for Preventive Medicine, Lanwades Park, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
Received: 4 May 2014 / Revised: 19 September 2014 / Accepted: 24 September 2014 / Published: 14 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccine Adjuvants)
Full-Text   |   PDF [906 KB, uploaded 14 November 2014]   |  


Equine influenza (EI) is a major respiratory disease of horses, which is still causing substantial outbreaks worldwide despite several decades of surveillance and prevention. Alongside quarantine procedures, vaccination is widely used to prevent or limit spread of the disease. The panel of EI vaccines commercially available is probably one of the most varied, including whole inactivated virus vaccines, Immuno-Stimulating Complex adjuvanted vaccines (ISCOM and ISCOM-Matrix), a live attenuated equine influenza virus (EIV) vaccine and a recombinant poxvirus-vectored vaccine. Several other strategies of vaccination are also evaluated. This systematic review reports the advances of EI vaccines during the last few years as well as some of the mechanisms behind the inefficient or sub-optimal response of horses to vaccination. View Full-Text
Keywords: equine influenza; vaccine; equid equine influenza; vaccine; equid

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Paillot, R. A Systematic Review of Recent Advances in Equine Influenza Vaccination. Vaccines 2014, 2, 797-831.

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