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Antioxidant Molecules from Marine Fungi: Methodologies and Perspectives

1
Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (IBBC), National Research Council, Via Pietro Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Marine Biotechnology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy
3
Institute of Biosciences and BioResources (IBBR), National Research Council, Via Pietro Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(12), 1183; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9121183
Received: 15 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Extraction and Industrial Applications of Antioxidants)
The marine environment represents a prosperous existing resource for bioprospecting, covering 70% of the planet earth, and hosting a huge biodiversity. Advances in the research are progressively uncovering the presence of unknown microorganisms, which have evolved unique metabolic and genetic pathways for the production of uncommon secondary metabolites. Fungi have a leading role in marine bioprospecting since they represent a prolific source of structurally diverse bioactive metabolites. Several bioactive compounds from marine fungi have already been characterized including antibiotics, anticancer, antioxidants and antivirals. Nowadays, the search for natural antioxidant molecules capable of replacing those synthetic currently used, is an aspect that is receiving significant attention. Antioxidants can inactivate reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, preventing the insurgence of several degenerative diseases including cancer, autoimmune disorders, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. Moreover, they also find applications in different fields, including food preservation, healthcare and cosmetics. This review focuses on the production of antioxidants from marine fungi. We begin by proposing a survey of the available tools suitable for the evaluation of antioxidants, followed by the description of various classes of marine fungi antioxidants together with their extraction strategies. In addition, a view of the future perspectives and trends of these natural products within the “blue economy” is also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidants; fungi; marine natural products; extraction protocols; applications antioxidants; fungi; marine natural products; extraction protocols; applications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vitale, G.A.; Coppola, D.; Palma Esposito, F.; Buonocore, C.; Ausuri, J.; Tortorella, E.; de Pascale, D. Antioxidant Molecules from Marine Fungi: Methodologies and Perspectives. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 1183. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9121183

AMA Style

Vitale GA, Coppola D, Palma Esposito F, Buonocore C, Ausuri J, Tortorella E, de Pascale D. Antioxidant Molecules from Marine Fungi: Methodologies and Perspectives. Antioxidants. 2020; 9(12):1183. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9121183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vitale, Giovanni A., Daniela Coppola, Fortunato Palma Esposito, Carmine Buonocore, Janardhan Ausuri, Emiliana Tortorella, and Donatella de Pascale. 2020. "Antioxidant Molecules from Marine Fungi: Methodologies and Perspectives" Antioxidants 9, no. 12: 1183. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9121183

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