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Self-Injury in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Exploring the Role of Reactivity to Pain and Sensory Input

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada
2
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2017, 7(11), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci7110140
Received: 18 September 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autism Spectrum Disorder: From Etio-Pathology to Treatment)
This paper provides information about the prevalence and topography of self-injurious behavior in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Dominant models regarding the etiology of self-injury in this population are reviewed, with a focus on the role of reactivity to pain and sensory input. Neuroimaging studies are presented and suggestions are offered for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-injury; autism spectrum disorder; intellectual disability; pain; sensory processing abnormalities self-injury; autism spectrum disorder; intellectual disability; pain; sensory processing abnormalities
MDPI and ACS Style

Summers, J.; Shahrami, A.; Cali, S.; D’Mello, C.; Kako, M.; Palikucin-Reljin, A.; Savage, M.; Shaw, O.; Lunsky, Y. Self-Injury in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Exploring the Role of Reactivity to Pain and Sensory Input. Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 140.

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