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Development of Brain EEG Connectivity across Early Childhood: Does Sleep Play a Role?
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Sleep, Plasticity and the Pathophysiology of Neurodevelopmental Disorders: The Potential Roles of Protein Synthesis and Other Cellular Processes

1
Behavioral Biology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
2
Advanced MRI Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
3
Section on Neuroadaptation and Protein Metabolism, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Brain Sci. 2014, 4(1), 150-201; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci4010150
Received: 27 December 2013 / Revised: 26 February 2014 / Accepted: 7 March 2014 / Published: 19 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep and Brain Development)
Sleep is important for neural plasticity, and plasticity underlies sleep-dependent memory consolidation. It is widely appreciated that protein synthesis plays an essential role in neural plasticity. Studies of sleep-dependent memory and sleep-dependent plasticity have begun to examine alterations in these functions in populations with neurological and psychiatric disorders. Such an approach acknowledges that disordered sleep may have functional consequences during wakefulness. Although neurodevelopmental disorders are not considered to be sleep disorders per se, recent data has revealed that sleep abnormalities are among the most prevalent and common symptoms and may contribute to the progression of these disorders. The main goal of this review is to highlight the role of disordered sleep in the pathology of neurodevelopmental disorders and to examine some potential mechanisms by which sleep-dependent plasticity may be altered. We will also briefly attempt to extend the same logic to the other end of the developmental spectrum and describe a potential role of disordered sleep in the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. We conclude by discussing ongoing studies that might provide a more integrative approach to the study of sleep, plasticity, and neurodevelopmental disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; plasticity; neurodevelopmental disorders; protein synthesis; memory; autism sleep; plasticity; neurodevelopmental disorders; protein synthesis; memory; autism
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Picchioni, D.; Reith, R.M.; Nadel, J.L.; Smith, C.B. Sleep, Plasticity and the Pathophysiology of Neurodevelopmental Disorders: The Potential Roles of Protein Synthesis and Other Cellular Processes. Brain Sci. 2014, 4, 150-201.

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