Next Article in Journal
The Functional Interactions between Cortical Regions through Theta-Gamma Coupling during Resting-State and a Visual Working Memory Task
Next Article in Special Issue
The Quantum Tunneling of Ions Model Can Explain the Pathophysiology of Tinnitus
Previous Article in Journal
Functional Connectivity Signatures Underlying Simultaneous Language Translation in Interpreters and Non-Interpreters of Mandarin and English: An fNIRS Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Auditory Brainstem Response Wave I Amplitude Has Limited Clinical Utility in Diagnosing Tinnitus in Humans

Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress

Tinnitus Center, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Knowledge Management & Discovery Lab, Faculty of Computer Science, Otto von Guericke University, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, 07747 Jena, Germany
Medical Department, Section of Psychosomatic Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pedro Cobo and Maria Cuesta
Brain Sci. 2022, 12(2), 275;
Received: 20 December 2021 / Revised: 7 February 2022 / Accepted: 8 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
Objectives: (1) To determine which psychosocial aspects predict tinnitus-related distress in a large self-reported dataset of patients with chronic tinnitus, and (2) to identify underlying constructs by means of factor analysis. Methods: A cohort of 1958 patients of the Charité Tinnitus Center, Berlin completed a large questionnaire battery that comprised sociodemographic data, tinnitus-related distress, general psychological stress experience, emotional symptoms, and somatic complaints. To identify a construct of “tinnitus-related distress”, significant predictive items were grouped using factor analysis. Results: For the prediction of tinnitus-related distress (linear regression model with R2 = 0.7), depressive fatigue symptoms (concentration, sleep, rumination, joy decreased), the experience of emotional strain, somatization tendencies (pain experience, doctor contacts), and age appeared to play a role. The factor analysis revealed five factors: “stress”, “pain experience”, “fatigue”, “autonomy”, and low “educational level”. Conclusions: Tinnitus-related distress is predicted by psychological and sociodemographic indices. Relevant factors seem to be depressive exhaustion with somatic expressions such as sleep and concentration problems, somatization, general psychological stress, and reduced activity, in addition to higher age. View Full-Text
Keywords: tinnitus; comorbidity; psychological stress; factor analysis; predictors tinnitus; comorbidity; psychological stress; factor analysis; predictors
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Brueggemann, P.; Mebus, W.; Boecking, B.; Amarjargal, N.; Niemann, U.; Spiliopoulou, M.; Dobel, C.; Rose, M.; Mazurek, B. Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 275.

AMA Style

Brueggemann P, Mebus W, Boecking B, Amarjargal N, Niemann U, Spiliopoulou M, Dobel C, Rose M, Mazurek B. Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress. Brain Sciences. 2022; 12(2):275.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brueggemann, Petra, Wilhelm Mebus, Benjamin Boecking, Nyamaa Amarjargal, Uli Niemann, Myra Spiliopoulou, Christian Dobel, Matthias Rose, and Birgit Mazurek. 2022. "Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress" Brain Sciences 12, no. 2: 275.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop