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Article

Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress

1
Tinnitus Center, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10117 Berlin, Germany
2
Knowledge Management & Discovery Lab, Faculty of Computer Science, Otto von Guericke University, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, 07747 Jena, Germany
4
Medical Department, Section of Psychosomatic Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 10117 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pedro Cobo and Maria Cuesta
Brain Sci. 2022, 12(2), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020275
Received: 20 December 2021 / Revised: 7 February 2022 / Accepted: 8 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
Objectives: (1) To determine which psychosocial aspects predict tinnitus-related distress in a large self-reported dataset of patients with chronic tinnitus, and (2) to identify underlying constructs by means of factor analysis. Methods: A cohort of 1958 patients of the Charité Tinnitus Center, Berlin completed a large questionnaire battery that comprised sociodemographic data, tinnitus-related distress, general psychological stress experience, emotional symptoms, and somatic complaints. To identify a construct of “tinnitus-related distress”, significant predictive items were grouped using factor analysis. Results: For the prediction of tinnitus-related distress (linear regression model with R2 = 0.7), depressive fatigue symptoms (concentration, sleep, rumination, joy decreased), the experience of emotional strain, somatization tendencies (pain experience, doctor contacts), and age appeared to play a role. The factor analysis revealed five factors: “stress”, “pain experience”, “fatigue”, “autonomy”, and low “educational level”. Conclusions: Tinnitus-related distress is predicted by psychological and sociodemographic indices. Relevant factors seem to be depressive exhaustion with somatic expressions such as sleep and concentration problems, somatization, general psychological stress, and reduced activity, in addition to higher age. View Full-Text
Keywords: tinnitus; comorbidity; psychological stress; factor analysis; predictors tinnitus; comorbidity; psychological stress; factor analysis; predictors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brueggemann, P.; Mebus, W.; Boecking, B.; Amarjargal, N.; Niemann, U.; Spiliopoulou, M.; Dobel, C.; Rose, M.; Mazurek, B. Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 275. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020275

AMA Style

Brueggemann P, Mebus W, Boecking B, Amarjargal N, Niemann U, Spiliopoulou M, Dobel C, Rose M, Mazurek B. Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress. Brain Sciences. 2022; 12(2):275. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020275

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brueggemann, Petra, Wilhelm Mebus, Benjamin Boecking, Nyamaa Amarjargal, Uli Niemann, Myra Spiliopoulou, Christian Dobel, Matthias Rose, and Birgit Mazurek. 2022. "Dimensions of Tinnitus-Related Distress" Brain Sciences 12, no. 2: 275. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020275

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