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Article

Post-Acute COVID-19 Symptoms, a Potential Link with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A 6-Month Survey in a Mexican Cohort

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Department of Cardiovascular Dysautonomia, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
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Department of Immunology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
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Department of Endocrinology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thorsten Rudroff
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(6), 760; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060760
Received: 3 May 2021 / Revised: 31 May 2021 / Accepted: 4 June 2021 / Published: 8 June 2021
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical evolution during 6 months of follow-up of adults recovered from COVID-19. We tried to determine how many met the definition of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS). A total of 130 patients (51.0 ± 14 years, 34.6% female) were enrolled. Symptoms were common, participants reported a median number of 9 (IQR 5–14) symptoms. Fatigue was the most common symptom (61/130; 46.9%). Patients with fatigue were older 53.9 ± 13.5 years compared with 48.5 ± 13.3 years in those without fatigue (p = 0.02) and had a longer length of hospital stay, 17 ± 14 days vs. 13 ± 10 days (p = 0.04). There was no difference in other comorbidities between patients with fatigue and those without it, and no association between COVID-19 severity and fatigue. After multivariate adjustment of all baseline clinical features, only age 40 to 50 years old was positively associated with fatigue, OR 2.5 (95% CI 1.05–6.05) p = 0.03. In our survey, only 17 (13%) patients met the Institute of Medicine’s criteria for “systemic exertion intolerance disease,” the new name of ME/CFS. In conclusion, in some patients, the features of post-acute COVID-19 syndrome overlap with the clinical features of ME/CFS. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatigue; symptoms of COVID-19; Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome fatigue; symptoms of COVID-19; Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

González-Hermosillo, J.A.; Martínez-López, J.P.; Carrillo-Lampón, S.A.; Ruiz-Ojeda, D.; Herrera-Ramírez, S.; Amezcua-Guerra, L.M.; Martínez-Alvarado, M.d.R. Post-Acute COVID-19 Symptoms, a Potential Link with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A 6-Month Survey in a Mexican Cohort. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 760. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060760

AMA Style

González-Hermosillo JA, Martínez-López JP, Carrillo-Lampón SA, Ruiz-Ojeda D, Herrera-Ramírez S, Amezcua-Guerra LM, Martínez-Alvarado MdR. Post-Acute COVID-19 Symptoms, a Potential Link with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A 6-Month Survey in a Mexican Cohort. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(6):760. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060760

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Hermosillo, J Antonio, Jhanea Patricia Martínez-López, Sofía Antonieta Carrillo-Lampón, Dayanara Ruiz-Ojeda, Sharon Herrera-Ramírez, Luis M. Amezcua-Guerra, and María del Rocío Martínez-Alvarado. 2021. "Post-Acute COVID-19 Symptoms, a Potential Link with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A 6-Month Survey in a Mexican Cohort" Brain Sciences 11, no. 6: 760. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060760

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