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Respiratory Dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease Patients

Department of Neurology, General Medicine Faculty, Ovidius University, 900470 Constanta, Romania
Department of Pneumology, Faculty of Medicine, Ovidius University of Constanta, 900470 Constanta, Romania
Department of Kinetotherapy, Brainaxy Clinic, 900628 Constanta, Romania
Department of Neurology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Monty Silverdale
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(5), 595;
Received: 27 March 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
Respiratory dysfunctions have been associated with Parkinson’s disease since the first observations of the disease in 1817. Patients with Parkinson’s disease frequently present respiratory disorders with obstructive ventilatory patterns and restrictive modifications, as well as limitations in respiratory volumes. In addition, respiratory impairments are observed due to the rigidity and kyphosis that Parkinson’s disease patients experience. Subsidiary pulmonary complications can also appear as side effects of medication. Silent aspiration can be the cause of pneumonia in Parkinson’s disease. Pulmonary dysfunction is one of the main factors that leads to the morbidity and mortality of patients with Parkinson’s disease. Here, we performed a narrative review of the literature and reviewed studies on dyspnea, lung volumes, respiratory muscle function, sleep breathing disorders, and subsidiary speech and swallow impairments related to pulmonary dysfunction in patients with Parkinson’s disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; respiratory dysfunction; pulmonary complications Parkinson’s disease; respiratory dysfunction; pulmonary complications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Docu Axelerad, A.; Stroe, A.Z.; Arghir, O.C.; Docu Axelerad, D.; Gogu, A.E. Respiratory Dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease Patients. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 595.

AMA Style

Docu Axelerad A, Stroe AZ, Arghir OC, Docu Axelerad D, Gogu AE. Respiratory Dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease Patients. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(5):595.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Docu Axelerad, Any; Stroe, Alina Z.; Arghir, Oana C.; Docu Axelerad, Daniel; Gogu, Anca E. 2021. "Respiratory Dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease Patients" Brain Sci. 11, no. 5: 595.

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