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The Role of Mental Imagery in Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel 4077625, Israel
2
Navigation and Accessibility Research Center of Ariel University (NARCA), Ariel University, Ariel 4077625, Israel
3
Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA
4
Department of Neurology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
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Department of Neuroscience, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Simon Israeli-Korn
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(2), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020185
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 26 January 2021 / Accepted: 28 January 2021 / Published: 2 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Therapy for Movement Disorders)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disabling neurodegenerative disease whose manifestations span motor, sensorimotor, and sensory domains. While current therapies for PD include pharmacological, invasive, and physical interventions, there is a constant need for developing additional approaches for optimizing rehabilitation gains. Mental imagery is an emerging field in neurorehabilitation and has the potential to serve as an adjunct therapy to enhance patient function. Yet, the literature on this topic is sparse. The current paper reviews the motor, sensorimotor, and sensory domains impacted by PD using gait, balance, and pain as examples, respectively. Then, mental imagery and its potential for PD motor and non-motor rehabilitation is discussed, with an emphasis on its suitability for addressing gait, balance, and pain deficits in people with PD. Lastly, future research directions are suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; rehabilitation; mental imagery; motor; sensorimotor; sensory; dynamic neuro-cognitive imagery; motor imagery Parkinson’s disease; rehabilitation; mental imagery; motor; sensorimotor; sensory; dynamic neuro-cognitive imagery; motor imagery
MDPI and ACS Style

Abraham, A.; Duncan, R.P.; Earhart, G.M. The Role of Mental Imagery in Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020185

AMA Style

Abraham A, Duncan RP, Earhart GM. The Role of Mental Imagery in Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(2):185. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abraham, Amit; Duncan, Ryan P.; Earhart, Gammon M. 2021. "The Role of Mental Imagery in Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation" Brain Sci. 11, no. 2: 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020185

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