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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Sleep on the Academic Performance of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, University of Oviedo, 33003 Asturias, Spain
3
Psicotogether, La Paloma Hospital, 35005 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
4
Faculty of Education, University of Oviedo, 33005 Asturias, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(1), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010097
Received: 28 November 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Neuroscience)
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is commonly associated with disordered or disturbed sleep and the association of sleep problems with ADHD is complex and multidirectional. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between sleep and academic performance, comparing children with ADHD and a control group without ADHD. Academic performance in Spanish, mathematics, and a foreign language (English) was evaluated. Different presentations of ADHD were considered as well as the potential difference between weekday and weekend sleep habits. The sample consisted of 75 children aged 6–12 in primary education. Accelerometry was used to study sleep, and school grades were used to gather information about academic performance. The results showed that ADHD influenced the amount of sleep during weekends, the time getting up at the weekends, weekday sleep efficiency, as well as academic performance. Given the effects that were seen in the variables linked to the weekend, it is necessary to consider a longitudinal design with which to determine if there is a cause and effect relationship. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADHD presentations; sleep habits; accelerometry; primary education ADHD presentations; sleep habits; accelerometry; primary education
MDPI and ACS Style

Villalba-Heredia, L.; Rodríguez, C.; Santana, Z.; Areces, D.; Méndez-Giménez, A. Effects of Sleep on the Academic Performance of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010097

AMA Style

Villalba-Heredia L, Rodríguez C, Santana Z, Areces D, Méndez-Giménez A. Effects of Sleep on the Academic Performance of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(1):97. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010097

Chicago/Turabian Style

Villalba-Heredia, Lorena; Rodríguez, Celestino; Santana, Zaira; Areces, Débora; Méndez-Giménez, Antonio. 2021. "Effects of Sleep on the Academic Performance of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder" Brain Sci. 11, no. 1: 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010097

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