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Open AccessArticle

Late Fuel Post-Injection Influence on the Dynamics and Efficiency of Wall-Flow Particulate Filters Regeneration

CMT-Motores Térmicos, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5384; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245384
Received: 7 November 2019 / Revised: 28 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 9 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
Late fuel post-injections are the most usual strategy to reach high exhaust temperature for the active regeneration of diesel particulate filters. However, it is important to optimise these strategies in order to mitigate their negative effect on the engine fuel consumption. This work aims at understanding the influence of the post-injection parameters, such as its start of injection and its fuel quantity, on the duration of the regeneration event and the fuel consumption along it. For this purpose, a set of computational models are employed to figure out in a holistic way the involved phenomena in the interaction between the engine and the exhaust gas aftertreatment system. Firstly, an engine model is implemented to evaluate the effect of the late fuel post-injection pattern on the gas properties at the exhaust aftertreatment system inlet in different steady-state operating conditions. These are selected to provide representative boundary conditions of the exhaust gas flow concerning dwell time, exhaust temperature and O 2 concentration. In this way, the results are later applied to the analysis of the diesel oxidation catalyst and wall-flow particulate filter responses. The dependence of the diesel particulate filter (DPF) inlet temperature is discussed based on the efficiency of each post-injection strategy to increase the exhaust gas temperature. Next, the influence on the dynamics of the regeneration of the post-injection parameters through the change in gas temperature and O 2 concentration is finally studied distinguishing the pre-heating, maximum reactivity and late soot oxidation stages as well as the required fuel consumption to complete the regeneration process. View Full-Text
Keywords: internal combustion engines; emissions; particulate matter; wall-flow particulate filter; oxidation catalyst; post-injection; regeneration; fuel consumption internal combustion engines; emissions; particulate matter; wall-flow particulate filter; oxidation catalyst; post-injection; regeneration; fuel consumption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Serrano, J.R.; Piqueras, P.; de la Morena, J.; Sanchis, E.J. Late Fuel Post-Injection Influence on the Dynamics and Efficiency of Wall-Flow Particulate Filters Regeneration. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5384.

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