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Open AccessArticle

Classification Method of Plug Seedlings Based on Transfer Learning

1
College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
College of Mechanical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2725; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132725
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 30 June 2019 / Published: 5 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition in the Era of Deep Learning)
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Abstract

The classification of plug seedlings is important work in the replanting process. This paper proposed a classification method for plug seedlings based on transfer learning. Firstly, by extracting and graying the interest region of the original image acquired, a regional grayscale cumulative distribution curve is obtained. Calculating the number of peak points of the curve to identify the plug tray specification is then done. Secondly, the transfer learning method based on convolutional neural network is used to construct the classification model of plug seedlings. According to the growth characteristics of the seedlings, 2286 seedlings samples were collected to train the model at the two-leaf and one-heart stages. Finally, the image of the interest region is divided into cell images according to the specification of the plug tray, and the cell images are put into the classification model, thereby classifying the qualified seedling, the unqualified seedling and the lack of seedling. After testing, the identification method of the tray specification has an average accuracy of 100% for the three specifications (50 cells, 72 cells, 105 cells) of the 20-day and 25-day pepper seedlings. Seedling classification models based on the transfer learning method of four different convolutional neural networks (Alexnet, Inception-v3, Resnet-18, VGG16) are constructed and tested. The classification accuracy of the VGG16-based classification model is the best, which is 95.50%, the Alexnet-based classification model has the shortest training time, which is 6 min and 8 s. This research has certain theoretical reference significance for intelligent replanting classification work. View Full-Text
Keywords: image process; transfer learning; plug seedlings; classification method image process; transfer learning; plug seedlings; classification method
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Xiao, Z.; Tan, Y.; Liu, X.; Yang, S. Classification Method of Plug Seedlings Based on Transfer Learning. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2725.

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