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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 1562; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8091562

The Method of Multi-Camera Layout in Motion Capture System for Diverse Small Animals

1
Institute of Bio-inspired Structure and Surface Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao Street, Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu, China
2
Mechanical Engineering Institute, Nantong University, 9 Sik Yuen Road, Nantong 226019, Jiangsu, China
3
Shanghai Institute of Aerospace System Engineering, 3888 Yuanjiang Road, Shanghai 201109, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
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Abstract

Motion capture based on multi-camera is widely used in the quantification of animal locomotor behaviors and this is one of the main research methods to reveal the physical laws of animal locomotion and to inspire the design and realization of bionic robot. It has been found that the multi-camera layout patterns greatly affect the effect of motion capture. Due to the researches for animals of diverse species, determining the most appropriate layout patterns to achieve excellent capture performance remains an unresolved challenge. To improve the capturing accuracy, this investigation focuses on the method of multi-camera layout as a motion capture system for diverse animals with significant differences in outward appearance characteristics and locomotor behaviors. The demand boundaries of motion capture are determined according to the appearance types (shapes and space volume) and the behavior characteristics of the animals, resulting in the matching principle of the typical multi-camera layout patterns (arch, annular and half-annular) with diverse animals. The results of the calibration experiments show that the average standard deviation rate (ASDR) of multi-camera system in the half-annular layout patterns (0.52%) is apparently smaller than that of the other two patterns, while its intersecting volume is the largest among the three patterns. The ASDR at different depths of field in a half-annular layout demonstrate that the greater depth of field is conducive to improving the precision of the motion capture system. Laboratory experiments of the motion capture for small animals (geckos and spiders) employed the multi-camera system locked in the 3-D force measuring platform in a half-annular layout pattern indicate that the ASDR of them could reach less than 3.8% and their capturing deviation rate (ACDR) are respectively 3.43% and 1.74%. In this report, the correlations between the motion capture demand boundaries of small animals and the characteristics of the multi-camera layout patterns were determined to advance the motion capture experimental technology for all kinds of small animals, which can provide effective support for the understanding of animal locomotion. View Full-Text
Keywords: motion capture; quantification of animal locomotor behaviors; multi-camera layout pattern; bionic robot; gecko motion capture; quantification of animal locomotor behaviors; multi-camera layout pattern; bionic robot; gecko
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Zong, W.; Wang, Z.; Xing, Q.; Zhu, J.; Wang, L.; Qin, K.; Bai, H.; Yu, M.; Dai, Z. The Method of Multi-Camera Layout in Motion Capture System for Diverse Small Animals. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1562.

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