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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 1558; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8091558

Flooding Conceptual Review: Sustainability-Focalized Best Practices in Nigeria

1
Chair of Transport Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Gdansk, 81-824 Sopot, Poland
2
Polo Centre of Sustainability, 18100 Imperia, Italy
3
Department of Environmental Science and Natural Resource Management, National Open University of Nigeria, Plot 91, Cadastral, Abuja 900001, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 July 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental and Sustainable Science and Technology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1771 KB, uploaded 5 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Nigeria’s 196 million people is the third fastest growing population in the world; the interactions of this build up has left an indelible mark on the landscape and environment. Urbanization, deforestation, flooding, desertification, over population and all levels of pollution are resultant effects of this interaction with the environment. These changes directly relate to a seemingly endless desire for food, shelter, recreation and infrastructural facilities and urbanization in general. This has placed enormous pressure on ecosystem stability and environmentally sound living conditions. Flooding has become an annual event for Nigerian cities—where it consistently causes economic problems in the rainy season. Effort made by the government and residents to forestall this problem has produced sub-optimal results. There is a need to adopt more proactive, standard and reliable procedures that can offer sustainable outcomes and restore the socioeconomic growth of urban areas. Frequency of flooding is due to a number of factors relating to differing climatological patterns of precipitation, urban growth and increase in paved surfaces. The aim of this review is to utilize a conceptual framework to assess and identify areas within Nigeria prone to flooding and examine possible means of alleviating damage and harm. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk awareness; disaster mitigation; preparedness; environmental sustainability; Nigeria flood risk awareness; disaster mitigation; preparedness; environmental sustainability; Nigeria
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Cirella, G.T.; Iyalomhe, F.O. Flooding Conceptual Review: Sustainability-Focalized Best Practices in Nigeria. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1558.

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