Next Article in Journal
Rheological Behavior and Sensitivity of Wood-Derived Bio-Oil Modified Asphalt Binders
Previous Article in Journal
Online Dynamic Balance Technology for High Speed Spindle Based on Gain Parameter Adaption and Scheduling Control
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(6), 918;

Headphone-To-Ear Transfer Function Estimation Using Measured Acoustic Parameters

School of Electronics, Electrical and Communication Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Key Laboratory of Noise and Vibration Research, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Deng Audio Research, 6350 Willingdon Ave., Burnaby, BC V5H 2V4, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 April 2018 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 19 May 2018 / Published: 3 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Acoustics and Vibrations)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3089 KB, uploaded 3 June 2018]   |  


This paper proposes to use an optimal five-microphone array method to measure the headphone acoustic reflectance and equivalent sound sources needed in the estimation of headphone-to-ear transfer functions (HpTFs). The performance of this method is theoretically analyzed and experimentally investigated. With the measured acoustic parameters HpTFs for different headphones and ear canal area functions are estimated based on a computational acoustic model. The estimation results show that HpTFs vary considerably with headphones and ear canals, which suggests that individualized compensations for HpTFs are necessary for headphones to reproduce desired sounds for different listeners. View Full-Text
Keywords: headphone; HpTF; acoustic parameters; binaural reproduction headphone; HpTF; acoustic parameters; binaural reproduction

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Deng, H.; Ji, P.; Yang, J. Headphone-To-Ear Transfer Function Estimation Using Measured Acoustic Parameters. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 918.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top