Next Article in Journal
Seismic Behavior and Shear Bearing Capacity of Ultra-High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) Beam-Column Joints
Previous Article in Journal
Non-Contact and Real-Time Measurement of Kolsky Bar with Temporal Speckle Interferometry
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(5), 809;

Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging Features of the Abdominal Wall Muscles in Elite and Amateur Basketball Players

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28690 Madrid, Spain
Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
Premiummadrid Global Health Care, 28040 Madrid, Spain
University Center of Plasencia, University of Extremadura, 10600 Plasencia, Cáceres, Spain
Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, Ponferrada, 24071 León, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 April 2018 / Revised: 6 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 May 2018 / Published: 17 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Acoustics and Vibrations)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1410 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]   |  


The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI) abdominal wall muscle thickness and interrecti distance (IRD) between elite and amateur basketball players. A sample of 32 basketball players (age: 23.0 ± 8.5; height: 1.89 ± 14.25 m; weight: 86.6 ± 15.5 kg; body mass index: 22.8 ± 2.6 kg/m2) was divided in two groups: professional elite and amateur players. A diagnostic ultrasound tool with a 7–14 MHz range linear transducer was used for B mode ultrasound imaging. Ultrasound images of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), transversus abdominis (TrAb), and rectus anterior (RA) muscles as well as IRD were measured and analyzed by ImageJ software. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) with greater height, weight, and Nijmegen scores were shown in favor of the elite basketball players compared to the amateur basketball players. Ultrasound measurements of the abdominal wall muscles showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) for increased IRD and left TrAb thickness and decreased right and left EO thickness in favor of the elite versus amateur basketball players. The rest of the measurements did not show any statistically significant differences (p > 0.05). Increased IRD and TrAb thickness and reduced EO thickness may be shown in elite versus amateur basketball players. View Full-Text
Keywords: abdominal muscles; basketball; diagnostic imaging; ultrasonography abdominal muscles; basketball; diagnostic imaging; ultrasonography

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Romero-Morales, C.; Almazán-Polo, J.; Rodríguez-Sanz, D.; Palomo-López, P.; López-López, D.; Vázquez-González, S.; Calvo-Lobo, C. Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging Features of the Abdominal Wall Muscles in Elite and Amateur Basketball Players. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 809.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top