Hydrophobic Ceramic Membranes for Water Desalination
AbstractHydrophilic ceramic membranes (tubular and planar) made of TiO2 and Al2O3 were efficiently modified with non-fluorinated hydrophobic grafting molecules. As a result of condensation reaction between hydroxyl groups on the membrane and reactive groups of modifiers, the hydrophobic surfaces were obtained. Ceramic materials were chemically modified using three various non-fluorinated grafting agents. In the present work, the influence of grafting time and type of grafting molecule on the modification efficiency was evaluated. The changes of physicochemical properties of obtained hydrophobic surfaces were determined by measuring the contact angle (CA), roughness (RMS), and surface free energy (SFE). The modified surfaces were characterized by contact angle in the range of 111–132°. Moreover, hydrophobic tubular membranes were utilized in air-gap membrane distillation to desalination of sodium chloride aqueous solutions. The observed permeate fluxes were in the range of 0.7–4.8 kg·m−2·h−1 for tests with pure water. The values of permeate fluxes for membranes in contact with NaCl solutions were smaller, within the range of 0.4–2.8 kg·m−2·h−1. The retention of NaCl in AGMD process using hydrophobized ceramic membranes was close to unity for all investigated membranes. View Full-Text
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Kujawa, J.; Cerneaux, S.; Kujawski, W.; Knozowska, K. Hydrophobic Ceramic Membranes for Water Desalination. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 402.
Kujawa J, Cerneaux S, Kujawski W, Knozowska K. Hydrophobic Ceramic Membranes for Water Desalination. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(4):402.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kujawa, Joanna; Cerneaux, Sophie; Kujawski, Wojciech; Knozowska, Katarzyna. 2017. "Hydrophobic Ceramic Membranes for Water Desalination." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 4: 402.
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