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Energy Expenditure during Acute Weight Training Exercises in Healthy Participants: A Preliminary Study

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International PhD Program in Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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School of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City 235, Taiwan
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School of Gerontology Health Management, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandra Durazzo and Wojciech Kolanowski
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(15), 6687; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156687
Received: 5 June 2021 / Revised: 19 July 2021 / Accepted: 19 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering)
Energy expenditure during weight training exercises produces great fitness and health benefits for humans, but few studies have investigated energy expenditure directly during weight training. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to determine energy costs during three training sessions consisting of three different exercises. Ten participants were randomly allocated into two groups: an untrained (n = 5, with no weight training experience) and a trained group (n = 5, with some weight training experience). Each participant completed three training sessions on separate days. While wearing a mask for indirect calorimetric measurements, each participant participated in training sessions conducted with three dumbbell exercises: the bent-over row, deadlift, and lunge. Metabolic equivalents (METs), energy expenditure (EE), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured. The total energy cost was calculated from the oxygen consumption (VO2) during each exercise. Our results showed that the METs of a single training session were 3.3 for the untrained group and 3.4 for the trained group, while the sum of the EE was 683–688 and 779–840 kcal, respectively. The physiological parameters, such as heart rate (p = 0.001 *) for the lunge and rate of perceived exertion (p = 0.005 *) for the bent-over row, changed significantly in both groups. It was concluded that the exercise protocol of this study involved a moderate intensity of 2.4–3.9 METs. The energy cost of each training exercise was between 179 and 291 kcal. View Full-Text
Keywords: weight training; acute exercises; METs; energy expenditure weight training; acute exercises; METs; energy expenditure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adeel, M.; Lai, C.-H.; Wu, C.-W.; Kang, J.-H.; Liou, J.-C.; Chen, H.-C.; Hong, M.-J.; Peng, C.-W. Energy Expenditure during Acute Weight Training Exercises in Healthy Participants: A Preliminary Study. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 6687. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156687

AMA Style

Adeel M, Lai C-H, Wu C-W, Kang J-H, Liou J-C, Chen H-C, Hong M-J, Peng C-W. Energy Expenditure during Acute Weight Training Exercises in Healthy Participants: A Preliminary Study. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(15):6687. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156687

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adeel, Muhammad, Chien-Hung Lai, Chun-Wei Wu, Jiunn-Horng Kang, Jian-Chiun Liou, Hung-Chou Chen, Meng-Jyun Hong, and Chih-Wei Peng. 2021. "Energy Expenditure during Acute Weight Training Exercises in Healthy Participants: A Preliminary Study" Applied Sciences 11, no. 15: 6687. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156687

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