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Article

Efficacy of an Acupressure Mat in Association with Therapeutic Exercise in the Management of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study

1
Rehabilitation Medicine Service, University Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci, 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
2
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padua, 35100 Padua, Italy
3
IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Suwan N. Jayasinghe
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(11), 5211; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115211
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 1 June 2021 / Published: 4 June 2021
(1) Background: Acupressure is a noninvasive, low-cost technique that makes use of physical pressure on specific points using a finger or a device and shows positive effects on chronic pain as an adjunctive method to the rehabilitation exercises. The study’s aim was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy on pain, disability, and life quality of an acupressure mat associated with a rehabilitation program in patients with chronic low back pain. (2) Methods: All participants underwent a specific rehabilitation program, initially with 10 supervised exercise sessions, then as home exercise for 6 months. The subjects in the experimental group (EG) were additionally provided with an acupressure mat and used it for 60 min per day. (3) Results: 44 patients (31 females) were equally divided among the treatment groups. A significant time interaction was found in both groups for McGill Pain Questionnaire, Oswestry Disability Index, and EuroQol-5D, and only in the EG for Visual Analog Scale. (4) Conclusions: The acupressure mat is simple and provides an additional benefit for patients in relieving pain and improving function and quality of life, especially in the medium-to-long term. View Full-Text
Keywords: low back pain; acupressure mat; rehabilitation; therapeutic exercise low back pain; acupressure mat; rehabilitation; therapeutic exercise
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MDPI and ACS Style

Frizziero, A.; Finotti, P.; Scala, C.L.; Morone, G.; Piran, G.; Masiero, S. Efficacy of an Acupressure Mat in Association with Therapeutic Exercise in the Management of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 5211. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115211

AMA Style

Frizziero A, Finotti P, Scala CL, Morone G, Piran G, Masiero S. Efficacy of an Acupressure Mat in Association with Therapeutic Exercise in the Management of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(11):5211. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115211

Chicago/Turabian Style

Frizziero, Antonio, Paolo Finotti, Cinzia La Scala, Giovanni Morone, Giovanni Piran, and Stefano Masiero. 2021. "Efficacy of an Acupressure Mat in Association with Therapeutic Exercise in the Management of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study" Applied Sciences 11, no. 11: 5211. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115211

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