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Open AccessArticle

Acoustic Reconstruction of Eszterháza Opera House Following New Archival Research

1
Department of Architecture, University of Bologna, 47521 Cesena, Italy
2
Gruppo C.S.A Spa, via al Torrente 22, 47923 Rimini, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(24), 8817; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248817
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 9 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling, Simulation and Data Analysis in Acoustical Problems Ⅱ)
The Eszterháza Opera House was a theatre built by the will of the Hungarian Prince Nikolaus Esterházy in the second half of the 18th century that had to compete in greatness and grandeur against Austrian Empire. The composer that inextricably linked his name to this theatre was Haydn that served the prince and composed pieces for him for many years. The Opera House disappeared from the palace complex maps around 1865 and was destroyed permanently during the Second World War. This study aims to reconstruct the original shape and materials of the theatre, thanks to the documents founded by researchers in the library of the Esterházy family at Forchtenstein, the Hungarian National Library, and analyze its acoustic behavior. With the 3D model of the theatre, acoustic simulations were performed using the architectural acoustic software Ramsete to understand its acoustical characteristics and if the architecture of the Eszterháza Opera House could favor the Prince’s listening. The obtained results show that the union between the large volume of the theatre and the reflective materials makes the Opera House a reverberant space. The acoustic parameters are considered acoustically favorable both for the music and for the speech transmission too. Moreover, the results confirm that the geometry and the shape of the Eszterháza Opera House favored the Prince’s view and listening, amplifying onstage voices and focusing the sound into his box. View Full-Text
Keywords: Eszterháza Opera House; acoustic simulation; room acoustics; cultural heritage; virtual 3D acoustics Eszterháza Opera House; acoustic simulation; room acoustics; cultural heritage; virtual 3D acoustics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tronchin, L.; Merli, F.; Dolci, M. Acoustic Reconstruction of Eszterháza Opera House Following New Archival Research. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8817. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248817

AMA Style

Tronchin L, Merli F, Dolci M. Acoustic Reconstruction of Eszterháza Opera House Following New Archival Research. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(24):8817. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248817

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tronchin, Lamberto; Merli, Francesca; Dolci, Marco. 2020. "Acoustic Reconstruction of Eszterháza Opera House Following New Archival Research" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 24: 8817. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248817

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