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Open AccessArticle

Strategic Management in Finnish and Norwegian Government Agencies

1
Faculty of Management and Business, Tampere University, FI-33014 Tampere, Finland
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Oslo Business School, Oslo Metropolitan University, PO Box 4 St. Olavs Plass, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway
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The Norwegian Defence University College, PO Box 1550 Sentrum, NO-0015 Oslo, Norway
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NLA University College Oslo, PO Box 7153 St. Olavs plass, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway
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The Open University Business School, PO Box 197, Milton Keynes MK7 6BJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9040080
Received: 1 September 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 14 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strategic Management in Public Sector: Reforms, Contexts, Traditions)
The purpose of this article is to analyse the design and implementation of strategic planning and performance management in governmental agencies in two Nordic countries, Finland and Norway. Nordic countries are an interesting study from a comparative perspective because while they are commonly assumed to have been high-intensity new public management reformers, they are also commonly assumed to have a distinct public management tradition. Moreover, these two countries are interesting to study because within the Nordic public management tradition, Finland and Norway specifically represent two different public management traditions. Finland belongs to the Eastern Nordic public management tradition, with an emphasis on decentralisation and agency autonomy, while Norway belongs to the Western Nordic public management tradition, with an emphasis on hierarchical governance, and hence, much performance management and reporting. Therefore, we expected to find more decentralised strategic management and an emphasis on evaluation in Finland, and more central, planning-like strategic management and reporting in Norway. Our comparison shows that both countries had mandatory strategic planning and utilised decentralised strategic planning in government agencies. The stronger legal orientation in the public administration in Finland, however, made strategic changes more complicated in Finland than in Norway. View Full-Text
Keywords: agency governance; central government organisations; formal strategic planning; Nordic administrative traditions; performance management; strategy content agency governance; central government organisations; formal strategic planning; Nordic administrative traditions; performance management; strategy content
MDPI and ACS Style

Johanson, J.-E.; Johnsen, Å.; Pekkola, E.; Reid, S.A. Strategic Management in Finnish and Norwegian Government Agencies. Adm. Sci. 2019, 9, 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9040080

AMA Style

Johanson J-E, Johnsen Å, Pekkola E, Reid SA. Strategic Management in Finnish and Norwegian Government Agencies. Administrative Sciences. 2019; 9(4):80. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9040080

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johanson, Jan-Erik; Johnsen, Åge; Pekkola, Elias; Reid, Stephen A. 2019. "Strategic Management in Finnish and Norwegian Government Agencies" Adm. Sci. 9, no. 4: 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9040080

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