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Home-Based Interventions to Treat and Prevent Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Esa Unggul University, Jakarta 11510, Indonesia
2
Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 73170, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9040038
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 9 April 2019 / Accepted: 11 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
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Abstract

Childhood obesity has adverse impacts on premature mortality and morbidity. Managing obesity could prevent premature mortality and several types of complications among high-risk groups. This study aimed to review and examine the effects of home-based interventions to treat and prevent childhood obesity. Three databases, i.e., PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct, were included to extract articles related to the topic. The terms “childhood obesity”, “home-based intervention”, “parental program”, and “parental involvement” were used as the primary keywords. Appraisal of the systematic review was based on PRISMA formats. Of 1556 publications identified, 22 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were appropriate to conduct a meta-analysis. Overall, the home-based interventions reduced the body mass index (BMI) z-score by 36.99% (z = 36.99, p = 0.00). The data analysis indicated considerable heterogeneity among all interventions (Chi-square = 926.41, df = 22 (p < 0.000001), I2 = 98%). The home-based intervention positively reduced BMI. Our findings could guide future meaningful home-based interventions to treat and prevent childhood obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood obesity; home-based intervention; meta-analysis childhood obesity; home-based intervention; meta-analysis
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Pamungkas, R.A.; Chamroonsawasdi, K. Home-Based Interventions to Treat and Prevent Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Behav. Sci. 2019, 9, 38.

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