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Behav. Sci. 2018, 8(4), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs8040036

Development and Pilot Testing of an Internet-Based Self-Help Intervention for Depression for Indian Users

1
Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka 560029, India
2
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public health, NIMHANS, Bangalore 560029, India
3
Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bangalore 560029, India
4
E-health Research Center, IIIT, Bangalore 560100, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 25 February 2018 / Accepted: 16 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
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Abstract

There is a dearth of published research on uptake and utility of mental health apps in India, despite a rising global trend in the application of technology in the field of mental health. We describe the development and pilot testing of a self-help intervention for depression, PUSH-D (Practice and Use Self-Help for Depression) for urban Indians. This guided self-help app, with essential and optional zone sections, was developed to provide a comprehensive coverage of therapeutic strategies drawn from cognitive behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy, supportive psychotherapy, and positive psychology. Pilot testing was carried out using a single group pre-, post- and follow-up design in 78 eligible participants. Participants were typically young adults with major depression or dysthymia and significant impairment in functioning. Almost two-thirds of the participants had never sought professional mental health help. Significant reductions in depression and improvement in the functioning and well-being were notedon standardized measures in participants completing all 10 essential zone sections. These gains were maintained at follow-up. The results were similar for partial completers, who completed fiveout of the 10 essential sections. PUSH-D is one of the first indigenously developed self-help apps for depression and it shows promise in reducing the treatment gap for depression in India. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet-based self-help; depression; treatment gap; depression app; guided self-help; depression in India internet-based self-help; depression; treatment gap; depression app; guided self-help; depression in India
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Mehrotra, S.; Sudhir, P.; Rao, G.; Thirthalli, J.; Srikanth, T. Development and Pilot Testing of an Internet-Based Self-Help Intervention for Depression for Indian Users. Behav. Sci. 2018, 8, 36.

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