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Open AccessArticle

Defining Community-Acquired Pneumonia as a Public Health Threat: Arguments in Favor from Spanish Investigators

1
Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Center for Biomedical Research Networking Centers in Respiratory Diseases (Ciberes), August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Pneumology, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe/Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IIS) La Fe, Center for Biomedical Research Network in Respiratory Diseases (Ciberes), 46026 Valencia, Spain
3
Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
4
Clinical Direction of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology of Lleida, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Translational Research Group on Infectious Diseases of Lleida (TRIDLE), IRB Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2020, 8(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci8010006
Received: 4 December 2019 / Revised: 22 January 2020 / Accepted: 23 January 2020 / Published: 25 January 2020
Despite advances in its prevention, pneumonia remains associated with high morbidity, mortality, and health costs worldwide. Studies carried out in the last decade have indicated that more patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) now require hospitalization. In addition, pneumonia management poses many challenges, especially due to the increase in the number of elderly patients with multiple comorbidities, antibiotic-resistant pathogens, and the difficulty of rapid diagnosis. In this new call to action, we present a wide-ranging review of the information currently available on CAP and offer some reflections on ways to raise awareness of this disease among the general public. We discuss the burden of CAP and the importance of attaining better, faster microbiological diagnosis and initiating appropriate treatment. We also suggest that closer cooperation between health professionals and the population at large could improve the management of this largely preventable infectious disease that takes many lives each year. View Full-Text
Keywords: pneumonia; community-acquired pneumonia; pneumonia burden; pneumonia epidemiology pneumonia; community-acquired pneumonia; pneumonia burden; pneumonia epidemiology
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Cillóniz, C.; Menéndez, R.; García-Vidal, C.; Péricas, J.M.; Torres, A. Defining Community-Acquired Pneumonia as a Public Health Threat: Arguments in Favor from Spanish Investigators. Med. Sci. 2020, 8, 6.

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