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Magnesium: The Forgotten Electrolyte—A Review on Hypomagnesemia

OSF Saint Anthony Medical Center, 5666 E State St, Rockford, IL 61108, USA
Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, 833 W Wellington Ave, Chicago, IL 60657, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2019, 7(4), 56;
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Nephrology and Urology)
Magnesium is the fourth most abundant cation in the body and the second most abundant intracellular cation. It plays an important role in different organ systems at the cellular and enzymatic levels. Despite its importance, it still has not received the needed attention either in the medical literature or in clinical practice in comparison to other electrolytes like sodium, potassium, and calcium. Hypomagnesemia can lead to many clinical manifestations with some being life-threatening. The reported incidence is less likely than expected in the general population. We present a comprehensive review of different aspects of magnesium physiology and hypomagnesemia which can help clinicians in understanding, identifying, and treating this disorder. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium; proton pump inhibitors; diuretics; hypomagnesemia magnesium; proton pump inhibitors; diuretics; hypomagnesemia
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Ahmed, F.; Mohammed, A. Magnesium: The Forgotten Electrolyte—A Review on Hypomagnesemia. Med. Sci. 2019, 7, 56.

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