Next Article in Journal
A Validation of ERA5 Reanalysis Data in the Southern Antarctic Peninsula—Ellsworth Land Region, and Its Implications for Ice Core Studies
Previous Article in Journal
Land Use and Land Cover Changes in the Owabi Reservoir Catchment, Ghana: Implications for Livelihoods and Management
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Changes in the Nature of Long-Term Fluctuations of Water Flow in the Subarctic Region of Yakutia: A Global Warming Perspective

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), prospect Vernadskogo, 76, bldg. 1, 119454 Moscow, Russia
Yakutsk Office of Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, ul. Yakova Potapova, 8677010 Yakutsk, Russia
Bashkir State University, Zaki Validi Street, 32, 450076 Ufa, Russia
Leningrad State University named after A.S. Pushkin, Petersburg sh. 10, 196605 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(7), 287;
Received: 3 June 2019 / Revised: 24 June 2019 / Accepted: 26 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Frequency and Inundation Modelling)
PDF [2552 KB, uploaded 2 July 2019]


Global warming has begun to affect Yakutia, an area recognized as the coldest region of the Northern Hemisphere. Previous research has indicated that the effects of global warming will be long-term. When modeling oncoming climatic changes, researchers often forecast the related water flow changes in various water bodies as well. However, these evaluations frequently differ from the actual water flow data. Thus, the current study identifies and assesses the trends in long-term flow fluctuations in the current context of global warming. This is particularly relevant in the subarctic region of Yakutia, because the local climate is not significantly influenced by anthropogenic factors. The region has an essentially uniform climate, and the river basins within the subarctic zone flow in the same direction. Thus, the study parameters can be adequately compared. Analysis of changes in the water regimen parameters of the rivers in this region is of particular importance. This study demonstrates that the changes in the long-term river regimen in the region, within approximately equivalent climate zones, have been highly and locally variable indifferent areas and time periods. However, we were unable to detect any specific consistency in these changes. The water content of almost all rivers in Yakutia has increased in the last 30 years (approximately), thus confirming general assumptions based on predictive models of climate changes; however, in most cases, such changes were the result of reaching the high-water stage of established long-term cycles. The nature of long-term fluctuations in the water flow of rivers did not change in about half of the Yakutia rivers. One water body showed a further decrease in the water content from the norm, both in terms of duration and water flow rate. Meanwhile, specific water bodies exhibited extreme long-term fluctuations, which are predicted to be a reaction to global warming. Prior to the onset of significant warming in the region, the trends of long-term water discharge fluctuations were stationary. Then, the trends of certain rivers became non-stationary due to the reasons indicated above. On their own, quantitative characteristics are insufficient to evaluate actual changes in water regimens. Moreover, evaluations obtained in the absence of a trend analysis of specific long-term discharge fluctuations, which can only be performed via graphic visualization, are most likely to be inaccurate. View Full-Text
Keywords: global warming; water flow; Yakutia; subarctic regions; long-term water flow fluctuations in nature global warming; water flow; Yakutia; subarctic regions; long-term water flow fluctuations in nature

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shpakova, R.; Kusatov, K.; Mustafin, S.; Trifonov, A. Changes in the Nature of Long-Term Fluctuations of Water Flow in the Subarctic Region of Yakutia: A Global Warming Perspective. Geosciences 2019, 9, 287.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top