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Geospatial Sciences and Space Law: Legal Aspects of Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations in Africa

Kent Law School, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NS, UK
Geosciences 2019, 9(4), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9040149
Received: 11 November 2018 / Revised: 22 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
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Abstract

Geospatial sciences play crucial roles in and have effects on the socioeconomic, political and security fortunes of states. Earth observation, remote sensing and geoscientific ground investigation increasingly occupy vantage positions in the legal order of states, particularly in evidential terms and in the verification of facts under international law. How then do these aspects of space law and space sciences affect contemporary Africa and the commercial fortunes, as well as international relations among some African states? What impact do they have in relation to: (a) international boundaries disputes and demarcation activities; (b) management and the preservation of the African heritage; (c) disaster and conservation management? The paper will test the hypothesis that it is crucial for the development of the continent especially in the areas mentioned above that states should sustain and increase investment in the following areas: archaeological prospection, condition assessment of heritage assets; Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis of spatial settlement patterns in modern landscapes and assessment of natural or human-induced threats to conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: space law; disaster and conservation management; Geographic Information System (GIS); international boundaries; Africa; Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission; satellite imagery; Boundary Demarcation; international law; relict boundaries space law; disaster and conservation management; Geographic Information System (GIS); international boundaries; Africa; Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission; satellite imagery; Boundary Demarcation; international law; relict boundaries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Oduntan, G. Geospatial Sciences and Space Law: Legal Aspects of Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations in Africa. Geosciences 2019, 9, 149.

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