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Open AccessArticle

Dipole and Convergent Single-Well Thermal Tracer Tests for Characterizing the Effect of Flow Configuration on Thermal Recovery

1
Univ Rennes, CNRS, Géosciences Rennes-UMR 6118, 35000 Rennes, France
2
G360 Institute for Groundwater Research, College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
3
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR7621, Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne, Observatoire Océanologique, 66650 Banyuls/mer, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(10), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9100440
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 26 September 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Subsurface Thermography and the Use of Temperature in Geosciences)
Experimental characterization of thermal transport in fractured media through thermal tracer tests is crucial for environmental and industrial applications such as the prediction of geothermal system efficiency. However, such experiments have been poorly achieved in fractured rock due to the low permeability and complexity of these media. We have thus little knowledge about the effect of flow configuration on thermal recovery during thermal tracer tests in such systems. We present here the experimental set up and results of several single-well thermal tracer tests for different flow configurations, from fully convergent to perfect dipole, achieved in a fractured crystalline rock aquifer at the experimental site of Plœmeur (H+ observatory network). The monitoring of temperature using Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing (FO-DTS) associated with appropriate data processing allowed to properly highlight the heat inflow in the borehole and to estimate temperature breakthroughs for the different tests. Results show that thermal recovery is mainly controlled by advection processes in convergent flow configuration while in perfect dipole flow field, thermal exchanges with the rock matrix are more important, inducing lower thermal recovery. View Full-Text
Keywords: Single-well thermal tracer test; geothermal energy; Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing; Plœmeur site Single-well thermal tracer test; geothermal energy; Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing; Plœmeur site
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de La Bernardie, J.; Bour, O.; Guihéneuf, N.; Chatton, E.; Longuevergne, L.; Le Borgne, T. Dipole and Convergent Single-Well Thermal Tracer Tests for Characterizing the Effect of Flow Configuration on Thermal Recovery. Geosciences 2019, 9, 440.

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