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Open AccessArticle

Forensic Investigations of Geohazards: The Norcia 2016 Earthquake

1
American University of Rome, Archaeology and Classics Program, Via Pietro Roselli 4, I-00153 Rome, Italy
2
Geoscienze Forensi Italia®-Forensic Geoscience Italy, Viale Mediterraneo 77, I-00122 Rom , Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(9), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8090316
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 18 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forensic Geoscience)
Earthquakes represent one of the world’s most significant hazards in terms of damage to human and animal life, and property. Earthquakes also cause many other related fatalities and damage to urban structures. This paper presents the forensic investigation of failures induced by the Norcia 2016 earthquake in Italy. The detailed geophysical field investigations were carried out at selected locations in two cities: Rome and Amelia. The places of investigation were 150 km and 90 km, respectively, from the epicenter. A ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey was carried out at the sites to highlight structural failures, and included a partially damaged urban bridge, and the cracked wall of a private house. These failures have been discussed with reference to the field measurements carried out. In both cases, the GPR radargram showed clear lesions along with their geometry and location. This forensic geoscientific analysis highlights the importance of detecting structural damage immediately after a geohazard event to help plan proper interventions, efforts to prevent human losses and help law enforcement to focus their forensic investigations. View Full-Text
Keywords: forensic geoscience; forensic geophysics; GPR; geohazard; earthquake forensic geoscience; forensic geophysics; GPR; geohazard; earthquake
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Barone, P.M.; Di Maggio, R.M. Forensic Investigations of Geohazards: The Norcia 2016 Earthquake. Geosciences 2018, 8, 316.

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