Next Article in Journal
Room for Rivers: Risk Reduction by Enhancing the Flood Conveyance Capacity of The Netherlands’ Large Rivers
Previous Article in Journal
Potential Indicator Value of Subfossil Gastropods in Assessing the Ecological Health of the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River Floodplain System (China)
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2018, 8(6), 223; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8060223

Non-Mineralized Fossil Wood

Geology Department, Western Washington University, Bellingham WA 98225, USA
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 June 2018 / Published: 18 June 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [16670 KB, uploaded 18 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

Under conditions where buried wood is protected from microbial degradation and exposure to oxygen or harsh chemical environments, the tissues may remain unmineralized. If the original organic matter is present in relatively unaltered form, wood is considered to be mummified. Exposure to high temperatures, whether from wild fires or pyroclastic flows, may cause wood to be converted to charcoal. Coalification occurs when plant matter undergoes gradual metamorphosis, producing bituminous alteration products. Examples of all three types of non-mineralized wood are common in the geologic record. This report describes some of the most notable occurrences, reviews past research and introduces data from several localities in North America. View Full-Text
Keywords: fossil wood; carbonized; charcoal; coalified; mummified; paleobotany fossil wood; carbonized; charcoal; coalified; mummified; paleobotany
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mustoe, G.E. Non-Mineralized Fossil Wood. Geosciences 2018, 8, 223.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top