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Open AccessArticle

Non-Mineralized Fossil Wood

Geology Department, Western Washington University, Bellingham WA 98225, USA
Geosciences 2018, 8(6), 223; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8060223
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 June 2018 / Published: 18 June 2018
Under conditions where buried wood is protected from microbial degradation and exposure to oxygen or harsh chemical environments, the tissues may remain unmineralized. If the original organic matter is present in relatively unaltered form, wood is considered to be mummified. Exposure to high temperatures, whether from wild fires or pyroclastic flows, may cause wood to be converted to charcoal. Coalification occurs when plant matter undergoes gradual metamorphosis, producing bituminous alteration products. Examples of all three types of non-mineralized wood are common in the geologic record. This report describes some of the most notable occurrences, reviews past research and introduces data from several localities in North America. View Full-Text
Keywords: fossil wood; carbonized; charcoal; coalified; mummified; paleobotany fossil wood; carbonized; charcoal; coalified; mummified; paleobotany
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mustoe, G.E. Non-Mineralized Fossil Wood. Geosciences 2018, 8, 223.

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